Coronaviruses (Cov) are a large family of viruses. These viruses can cause mild to moderate colds to much more serious illnesses, such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) or Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).
Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are found in animals, but there are transitions between animals and humans. Viruses circulating among animals can change over time and acquire the ability to infect humans, and thus begin to be seen in humans and cause disease.
The new coronavirus (COVID-19) is a Cov that has not been encountered by human beings before, and it was the first time in late December-January, when people working in an animal market in Wuhan, China got a flu-like disease and died with severe respiratory failure. is a virus seen.
HOW DOES IT COME?
It has been reported that the new coronavirus is transmitted from person to person through respiratory secretions. Coughing, sneezing, laughing, close exposure to virus-containing droplets spreading into the environment during the speech, or contact with surfaces contaminated by these droplets, contact with their hands and face, eyes and mouth, causing these people to become ill. According to the data, a sick person infects approximately 4-5 people with the virus.
WHAT ARE THE FINDINGS?
According to available information, there is an incubation period of 2-14 days (reproduction-waiting in the body). Common findings are respiratory findings in the form of high fever, cough, shortness of breath, and difficulty breathing. In more severe cases, it causes pneumonia, severe and acute respiratory failure, kidney failure, and death. Mortality is reported to be around 2-3%. Most of the cases of death up to now consist of patients over the age of 60-65 and/or with chronic diseases (lung diseases, organ failure, cancer, diabetes, immunosuppressive diseases). The disease is relatively mild in young healthy adults.
Maalaea does not yet have a definitive treatment and vaccine.
HOW IS THE SITUATION IN CHILDREN?
Coronavirus binds to ACE2 receptors in the lungs. These receptors are not often found in children’s lungs. For this reason, severe lung involvement and respiratory failure do not occur in children. They get the disease in the form of flu infection. No patient died from pediatric cases has yet been reported. Also, children can be carriers and contagious, infect their parents, grandparents and cause them to become seriously ill.
HOW TO PROTECT?
The following measures are recommended for protection:
Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for 20 seconds. Let’s teach and ensure that children wash their hands in the same way.
If water and soap are not available, let’s rub and disinfect our hands with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
Let’s not shake hands, hug, or kiss for a greeting.
When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue and then throw the tissue away, if there is no tissue, let’s cough and sneeze on the inside of our arms.
Do not touch your mouth, nose, and eyes with dirty hands.
Avoid eating from the same container, sharing the same glass or towel, and personal contact with patients with signs of influenza infection.
Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces such as door handles and toys,
Avoid crowded and confined environments as much as possible.
Pay attention to nutrition, let’s keep the immune system strong. (Foods containing vitamin D, Omega 3, probiotics: yogurt, pickles, onions, garlic, turnips, oranges in terms of vitamin C, fruits and vegetables)
A very important point; As parents, let’s take care to take precautions without putting our children in excessive stress and psychological anxiety. Let’s not panic, but let’s not let go of caution.