With the arrival of winter, the most common diseases (cold, flu, pneumonia, bronchitis, and sinusitis) can reappear in children. There are many reasons why children get sick more when it is cold.
In children, viruses that infect proliferate more easily in cold weather,
The children’s immune system is not developed,
Lack of hygiene and virus outbreaks in places where children often spend time, such as schools, classrooms
THE MOST COMMON DISEASES THAT CHILDREN CAN GET IN THE WINTER SEASON
It is also known as nasopharyngitis or the common cold. It is an infectious disease that occurs in the upper respiratory system and spreads easily and most often affects the respiratory tract. Responses; sneezing, runny nose, and fever. It is not a disease that requires immediate treatment. It goes light. It starts to disappear spontaneously after about 1 week.
Weakness is a viral disease that manifests itself with widespread aches and very high fever and is passed on to others as a result of sneezing or coughing. There is no cure because it is a virus infection. In about a week, the disease will recover on its own. The flu virus is one of the most common and contagious diseases.
It is usually an inflammation of the lungs as a result of infection by microorganisms such as viruses or bacteria. High fever, phlegmatic cough, difficulty breathing, weakness, chills, nausea, and vomiting are some of the symptoms of pneumonia. When diagnosed early, it passes between 1 and 2 weeks by resting at home and consuming plenty of water. If diagnosed late, the patient will recover as a result of regular treatment at the hospital.
Bronchitis is a disease caused by inflammation of the inner side of the airways of the lungs. There are 2 different types, acute bronchitis, and chronic bronchitis. Symptoms include sputum cough, weakness, difficulty in breathing, and severe chest pain. Antibiotic therapy is necessary to cure the disease.
The air-filled spaces around the nose and eyes in the face area are called “sinuses”. As a result of inflammation of these sinuses, “sinusitis” disease occurs. The most common symptoms of sinusitis are severe headache, weakness, high fever, runny nose, nasal discharge, and throat burning. Antibiotic treatment and saltwater sprays that should be applied by the doctor play an important role in the recovery of the disease.
WAYS OF PROTECTION FROM DISEASES
The flu vaccine, which must be given at the beginning of the winter months every year, provides protection from diseases that may infect children during the winter months. Don’t forget to get your flu shot at your nearest hospital or health center.
One of the issues to be considered in order not to catch infectious diseases during the winter months is hand cleaning. If children are not trained adequately in hygiene, bacteria in the air can be carried by hand and diseases can easily be transmitted when children touch someone else.
Nutritional irregularity weakens the immune system and causes children to get sick frequently. Taking vitamins from natural foods, eating regularly, consuming fresh vegetables and fruits play an important role in protecting children from diseases.
Children should stay away from people who are known to be sick and who have a severe cough and should not make close contact. It is very important to bring this awareness to children from an early age in preventing diseases.
“It should not be forgotten that your doctor will apply the best treatment method to you. If you do not try to treat yourself without going to the hospital and consulting your doctor, it will help protect you from bigger diseases!”