Why Does My Waist Hurt?
Waist Hurt is one of the most common complaints in society, and 80 percent of people experience back pain at some time in their lives. Surgical intervention is required for approximately 1% of all back pain. The other part is treated with auxiliary methods called conservative treatment.
Causes of low Waist Hurt
1) Muscular pain (Mechanical back pain)
It is seen after heavy activity or seasonal changes. It mostly improves with rest and pain relief treatments. Exercise therapy is recommended if it is continuous.
2) Lumbar hernia (Lumbar disc herniation)
It is the protrusion of the disc material between the lumbar vertebra into the spinal canal. The overflowing cartilage tissue, ie the hernia, compresses the nerve root emerging from that level. This causes “sciatic” or “radicular” pain extending from the waist to the hip and leg. If the hernia overflowing into the spinal canal does not compress the nerve root, such pain is not expected. In this case, only the overflowing hernia squeezing the capsule of the hernia causes low back pain.
Most of these pains are relieved by conservative treatment, rest, medication, physical therapy, and waist injection therapy.
Surgical intervention is required in patients whose pain persists despite all treatments, or who have progressive loss of strength in the muscle group stimulated by the nerve squeezed by the hernia.
The main surgical methods are microdiscectomy and endoscopic discectomy.
After surgery, the patient is usually discharged after 1-night hospitalization and can return to work after 2 weeks.
3) Lumbar slip (Spondylolisthesis)
It is the compression of the spinal cord due to the sliding of the lumbar vertebrae on each other. It manifests itself with low back pain, which is especially severe when standing and walking. Sliding vertebrae are treated by fixing them with screws (stabilization).
4) Narrowing of the Canal (Lumbar Narrow Canal) – Calcification
It is a condition of compression of the spinal cord passing through the middle with calcification of the lumbar vertebrae. The main complaint is the feeling of numbness in the legs that increases as the person walks and the need for 5 minutes of rest even for short distances while walking. Surgically calcified and narrowed areas are microscopically opened and nerves are relieved in its treatment. Screwing may be required depending on the condition of the spine.
5) spine injuries
They are injuries that occur in the spine due to trauma. They cause severe back pain, depending on the type of injury, rest with a corset or surgery may be required.
6) bone resorption (Osteoporosis)
They are the deformations that occur in the spine due to the weakening of the bones. It often causes fractures in the vertebral bones in the form of collapse. It is especially common in menopausal women. It is treated with medication for osteoporosis and conservative treatment for the spine or surgical methods by filling the inside of the bone.
7) Rheumatic diseases
The most common of many types of rheumatism is Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS). Pain that lasts 4-5 hours after waking up in the morning and unlike other types of pain, it is typical to relax with movement. It is mostly familial and early diagnosis is important in terms of preserving functions. It is treated with medication and physiotherapy determined by rheumatology or physical therapy doctors.
Spontaneous infections, cheese disease (brucellosis), tuberculosis, or infections that develop after surgical procedures (discitis) cause long-term back pain. Surgical intervention may sometimes be required with antibiotic treatment.
9) Causes arising from other organs
It can cause low back pain due to liver, kidney diseases, urinary tract infections.