What should we pay attention to when choosing baby and children’s shoes?
The shoes we choose for our children during and after they start to walk are of great importance for the foot health and development of the little ones. Especially when choosing first step shoes for toddlers, more than model and color; Attention should be paid to its comfort, anatomical, soft soles, lightness, flexibility, round toes, and children’s shoes made of healthy and natural materials (leather if possible) should be preferred. Large shoes bought with the idea that they wear when they grow up or shoes made of hard materials that continue to be worn with the logic of expanding as they grow, disrupt the foot form and development.
When it comes to first-step shoes, these types of children’s shoes should cover the foot and ankle as much as possible. Thus, the foot is directed less to the left and to the right. For this reason, sandals-style shoes that are open from the sides are not recommended in the first step time. With open-back shoes, the foot can move backward, making it more difficult for the child to balance. This causes an extra load on the ankle. Thanks to the shoes that rise up to the ankle, children carry the weight of the shoes by taking force from the ankle.
How do I know if a shoe is flexible?
The sole of the shoe you choose should move with the foot of the child and stretch. When buying shoes, you should prefer shoes that can easily fold in two with two fingers. Hard and heavy shoes do not stretch with the child’s feet, and your child has to walk with his feet completely lifted.
Let leather shoes be your first choice for babies
Baby first step shoes should be made of healthy breathable material. Leather shoes are the healthiest in terms of not injuring the inside of the foot. Made of polyester or other artificial material, they prevent the foot from getting breathable.
What is the difference between anatomical and orthopedic soles in shoes?
Orthopedic and anatomical shoe concepts are confused with each other.
The most important feature of anatomical shoes is that their sole structure is very soft. The soft sole structure takes the shape of your child’s foot with time and use. Orthopedic soles, on the other hand, are recommended by an orthopedic specialist in cases requiring treatment and are custom-made. What our children should wear are not orthopedic shoes, but anatomical or physiological flexible and light shoes with a soft sole structure. Anatomical shoes allow the rapidly growing children’s feet to develop according to their nature.
What is flatfoot?
Babies are born with flat feet and they continue to have flat feet until they reach the age of 5. Flatfoot is the condition that the arch on the inside of the sole has not yet formed. The tissues that make up this arch become apparent and strengthened only from the age of 5, until this time the soles of the feet are covered with thick and fatty tissue. In some children, flat feet can last up to the age of 8-10. Flatfoot is considered to be completely natural and normal for child development.
Negative effects of incorrectly chosen shoes on children’s foot development
It is known that incorrectly chosen shoes disrupt the foot biomechanics and cause problems such as hallux valgus, deformities in toes (claw toe, hammertoe), tailor’s bunion, callus formation, acute and chronic foot pain, ingrown toenail, foot fungus. Also, wrong shoe selection; can also cause fatigue, ankle sprains, leg and waist pain, and permanent deformations of the feet.