What should people with hyperthyroidism eat? What not to eat

By | 24 March 2021

How should people with hyperthyroidism be fed?

What foods can they eat?

Which ones should they not eat?

How does someone with hyperthyroidism become weak?

You can find answers to all your questions in our article.

If you have hyperthyroidism, treatment is required. High levels of thyroid hormone in your body can be toxic. Left untreated, hyperthyroidism can lead to heart problems, bone loss, fracture risk, and other problems. Your doctor may prescribe antithyroid medications. These medications help balance an overactive thyroid gland. In some cases, treatment may include radiation therapy or thyroid surgery. Certain foods can help keep your thyroid healthy and reduce some of the negative effects of this condition. Certain minerals, vitamins, and other nutrients are needed to balance thyroid function. A low iodine diet is usually prescribed before some treatments for hyperthyroidism. For example, you should follow a low iodine diet before undergoing radiation therapy to remove excess or damaged thyroid cells. After treatment, it is still important to balance the iodine in your diet. Other foods help protect your thyroid and reduce the long-term effects of hyperthyroidism.

What should people with hyperthyroidism eat?

Low iodine foods

Mineral iodine plays an important role in the production of thyroid hormones. A low iodine diet helps to reduce thyroid hormones. Include these foods in your daily diet:

  • iodized salt
  • coffee or tea (without milk or dairy or soy-based cream)
  • egg whites
  • fresh or canned fruit
  • unsalted hazelnuts and nut butter
  • homemade bread or bread made without salt, milk, and eggs
  • salted popcorn without iodine
  • oat
  • potato
  • honey
  • From vegetables

Cruciferous vegetables and other types can prevent your thyroid from using iodine properly. They can be beneficial for hyperthyroidism:

  • Broccoli
  • Brussels sprouts
  • Cauliflower
  • Collard greens
  • Vitamins and minerals

A variety of nutrients are needed to balance thyroid health and thyroid hormone production. Iron is important for many vital bodily functions, including thyroid health. This mineral is essential for blood cells to carry oxygen to every cell in your body. Low iron levels are linked to hyperthyroidism. Get plenty of iron into your diet with foods such as:

  • haricot bean
  • green leafy vegetables
  • lentil
  • Hazelnut
  • poultry, such as chicken and turkey
  • Red meat
  • the seeds
  • whole grains

Selenium-rich foods can help balance thyroid hormone levels and protect your thyroid from disease. Selenium helps prevent cell damage and keeps your thyroid and other tissues healthy. Good food sources of selenium include:

  • Brazil nuts
  • Couscous
  • Chia seeds
  • Mushrooms
  • Tea
  • meat such as beef and lamb
  • rice
  • oat bran
  • poultry, such as chicken and turkey
  • sunflower seeds

Zinc helps you use food for energy. This mineral also helps your immune system and thyroid stay healthy. Food sources of zinc include:

  • beef
  • chickpea
  • cocoa powder
  • Cashew Nuts
  • Mushrooms
  • pumpkin seeds
  • Lamb

Hyperthyroidism causes weak and brittle bones. Bone mass can be restored with treatment. Vitamin D and calcium are needed to build healthy bones. Calcium-rich foods include:

  • Spinach
  • Collard greens
  • haricot bean
  • cabbage
  • Okra
  • calcium-fortified orange juice
  • almond milk
  • calcium-fortified cereals

Largely unprocessed fat from unprocessed foods can help reduce inflammation. This helps maintain thyroid health and balance thyroid hormones. Non-dairy fats are important in a low iodine diet. These include:

  • Linseed oil
  • olive oil
  • Avocado oil
  • coconut oil
  • sunflower oil
  • Avocado
  • unsalted nuts and seeds

Some spices and herbs have anti-inflammatory properties to help maintain and balance thyroid function. Add flavor and a dose of antioxidants to your daily meals:

  • Turmeric
  • green pepper
  • black pepper

What should not eat those with hyperthyroidism?

Eating too much iodine-rich or iodine-fortified foods can lead to hyperthyroidism or, in some cases, make it worse. One teaspoon of iodized salt contains 304 micrograms (mcg) of iodine, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Seafood contains the most iodine. Just 1 gram of seaweed contains 23.2 mcg or 0.02 milligrams (mg) of iodine. According to the NIH, the recommended daily dose of iodine is approximately 150 mcg (0.15 mg). A low iodine diet requires even less. Avoid the following seafood and seafood additives:

  • the fish
  • seaweed
  • Shrimps
  • Crabs
  • Lobster
  • sushi
  • Carrageen

Avoid other foods that are high in iodine, such as:

  • milk and milk products
  • cheese
  • egg yolk
  • iodized salt
  • iodized water
  • some food dyes

Some medicines also contain iodine. These include:

  • amiodarone (Nexterone)
  • cough syrups
  • medical contrast dyes
  • herbal or vitamin supplements

In some people, gluten can damage the thyroid by causing inflammation. Even if you don’t have a gluten allergy or intolerance, it can be helpful to restrict or limit gluten. Check food labels for gluten-containing ingredients such as:

  • wheat
  • barley
  • Brewer’s yeast
  • malt
  • Rye

While soy does not contain iodine, it has been shown to interfere with some treatments for hyperthyroidism in animals. Avoid or limit foods that contain soy:

  • soy milk
  • soy sauce
  • bean curd
  • soy-based creams

Foods and drinks containing caffeine, such as coffee, tea, soda, and chocolate, can aggravate symptoms of hyperthyroidism and lead to increased anxiety, irritability, and rapid heartbeat.

If caffeine has this effect on you, it may be a good option to avoid or limit your intake. Try replacing caffeinated beverages with natural herbal teas, flavored water, or hot cider.