What is symmetry disease?

By | 19 February 2021

Symmetry disease, as it is known among the public, is the demand for the objects around to be fixed in a position or order, and the disorders in this order cause serious discomfort to the patient. In medical terms, symmetry disease is not a disease by itself, but it is one of the symptoms of a psychiatric disease known as obsessive-compulsive disorder. Individuals with this disease want the objects around to take place at equal intervals, in an alignment, and in a complete manner. The slightest deterioration in this situation can disturb the person in a way that he cannot think of anything else for the moment. Symmetry disease, which can also be defined as a kind of obsession disease, requires treatment because it is a sign of a psychiatric disorder. Individuals experiencing such problems should start the treatment process by applying to a psychiatrist.

What is symmetry disease?

Symmetry disorder is a type of obsession that develops due to psychiatric diseases, although it is mostly obsessive-compulsive disorder. Patients have an obsession with the symmetry of things, as the name of the disease suggests. Accordingly, it has a sensitivity that has reached the level of obsession in matters such as the surroundings and the items being perfectly organized, perfectly visible, correctly sorted, centered, and evenly arranged if spaced apart. In most patients, these obsessions are not limited to items but can occur in many areas such as typographical errors, letter deficiencies, and color differences. Also, touching the items placed by the person with symmetry disease, changing the order, and intervening causes discomfort to the patient. Therefore, symmetry sickness can also be called the obsession with perfection. This situation may cause a feeling of discomfort in a way that negatively affects the daily life of the patient and may make it difficult to be accepted by society due to abnormal behaviors. For treatment, psychiatry departments of health institutions should be consulted.

What are the symptoms of symmetry disease?

Since symmetry disease is a part of obsessive-compulsive disorder, it is seen together with some symptoms of this disease. Symptoms can be very mild in some people, while in others they can be severe enough to include excessive obsessions. This situation is directly proportional to the severity of the underlying psychiatric disease. The most common symptoms in symmetry patients include:

  • Individuals always want to be in clean and tidy environments,
  • Want to clean constantly,
  • Wanting to wash hands frequently during the day, feeling the need for continuous disinfection,
  • The desire to edit and change surrounding objects unnecessarily,
  • The feeling that bad and unwanted events will happen to you,
  • Obsessed with cleanliness and order,
  • Searching for perfection while writing and constantly wiping and re-correcting even with minor slips,
  • Being so irritated that you cannot focus on anything else in case of disorder,
  • The desire to check repeatedly whether the door of the house or the car is locked, whether the iron is unplugged or not,

The above symptoms are common in symmetrical patients, but not all of them may be present in every patient. Although it varies according to the severity of the disease, patients may feel all or a few of them in different severity. For this reason, it is beneficial for patients who experience some of the above symptoms to be examined by a physician.

What are the causes of symmetry disease?

Symmetry disease is a psychiatric disease that can be encountered in individuals of all ages, regardless of age and gender. However, it has been determined by scientific research that genetic predisposition has an important share in the formation of the disease. Individuals with a family history of symmetry disease, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or any psychiatric illness are more likely to develop symmetry disease compared to other individuals. The major cause of the disease is a psychiatric disease called obsessive-compulsive disorder. Although it is rare, symmetry obsession can be observed along with other psychiatric diseases. In some cases, these behaviors may not be qualified as a disease. For example, meticulousness and liking order may not mean a sickness of symmetry. If a person pays more attention to a disorder in order, inadequacy in cleaning, and symmetry compared to other individuals and is disturbed by this, but does not tend to obsessive behaviors to correct this, this condition is not defined as a disease. The definitive diagnosis of the problems can be made as a result of detailed examinations performed by psychiatrists.

How is symmetry disease diagnosed?

Patients who apply to health institutions with one or more of the above symptoms related to symmetry disease are directed to psychiatry clinics and are examined by specialist physicians here. During the examination, information on the severity and duration of the problems experienced by the patient, the extent to which this situation affects daily life, accompanying diseases, and family history of psychiatric diseases are also obtained. Patients should also inform their physicians about the drugs they use continuously during the examination. Physicians may also ask different questions to diagnose the disease and to distinguish the possibilities of other diseases that may be confused with this disease. During a detailed interview, it may be necessary to apply tests for obsessive-compulsive disorder and other psychological diseases along with an asymmetry disease test by a psychiatrist or a psychologist directed by a specialist. After all these procedures, your disease is diagnosed by your physician. Then, the treatment process is planned in line with your physician’s recommendations and started as soon as possible.

What are the treatment methods for symmetry disease?

Symmetry disease is an easily treatable health problem. There is no single answer to the question of how symmetry disease passes. Although the treatment can be long-term, it is usually successful. Which methods will be preferred in the treatment of this disease depends on the severity of the disease. The disease can be treated with cognitive therapies and regular controls to be applied in the form of sessions in individuals who have mild problems and do not affect their daily life negatively. In more severe cases, antidepressant medication may be required. Inpatient treatment may be required for a certain period of time in patients with very advanced obsessive-compulsive disorder and whose obsessions have reached a level that may pose a danger or make it difficult to survive in the community. During this process, drug treatments are applied and the appropriate drug type and doses are determined by the physicians. The patient is kept under follow-up until the disease is brought under control. Cognitive therapies are continued in addition to drug administration in inpatients. In cognitive-behavioral therapies with more than one method and technique, how the treatment plan is planned differs from patient to patient. Outpatient treatment and regular follow-up are generally recommended for cases that are not as large. If left untreated, obsessive-compulsive disorder and symmetry disease that develops due to this increase in the duration and number of obsessions. In cases that exceed a certain level of progress, the treatment success rate decreases and the process may be prolonged. To prevent these, the necessary sensitivity should be shown to compliance with the treatment protocol and regular use of drugs.

In cases such as symmetry disease and delayed treatment in obsessive-compulsive disorder, the patient’s obsessive behaviors are approved by the family and relatives, the disease can become severe and reach serious dimensions. In this respect, early diagnosis and treatment are of great importance. If you also have symmetry disease or are experiencing symptoms that suggest that you may have this disease, if you are wondering how to understand the symmetry disease, you can apply to a health institution and undergo a psychiatric examination. If you are diagnosed with symmetry disease or a different psychiatric disease after the examinations and tests to be performed, you can protect your health by starting your treatment process as soon as possible, and you can take precautions against complications that may occur due to the disease in the early period.