What is muscle rupture?
Today, muscle ruptures are seen intensely in many people due to the inactivity of daily life and the disorder of the way of sitting. These tears are not taken too seriously, as they do not put lives at risk. However, they all have a meaning. For example, athlete muscle tears can mean the wrong exercise, while for an employee, muscle tears mean too much sedentary behavior. The most effective method to prevent this is to become conscious. The more regular, planned, and effective work of the athletes contributes to the more regular development of the muscles. Thus, muscle tears are prevented. Individuals who do not move much in their daily routines contribute to the development of muscles when they do small exercises. Thus, both a healthier life is opened and the first step is taken to prevent muscle tears even in the most movements. Regardless of the severity, it is useful to take the muscle tears seriously and go for an examination. Therefore, it is necessary to know the symptoms, cause, and definition of this muscle problem.
What is Muscle Tear?
Muscles consist of fibers and allow movement by being in the structure of the entire skeletal system. Too much strain of the muscles for any reason leads to the rupture of the fibers, that is, muscle rupture. As a result of these breaks, bleeding occurs in the fibers. There is usually no limitation of movement in the area with muscle rupture. However, swelling occurs in this area and severe pain accompanies it. Due to the rupture of the fibers, muscle injuries occur, but since the muscles have a tissue with a lot of blood, recovery is fast. As the human body evolved, each muscle reached the ability to stretch enough to allow for movement. If the muscles are strained more than they should during these stretching movements, it will cause fiber breakages. Muscle tearing is popularly known as a muscle pull. Although it is generally seen in athletes, it is likely to be seen as a result of heavy lifting, falling, straining any muscle, trauma, or accidents. In individuals who exercise every day, prolonging the duration of exercise may reveal muscle tear. To prevent this, muscles can be warmed up by opening and stretching movements before exercises. Since the stretch of the heated muscles will increase, fiber breakage can be prevented. Muscle tears are more common among athletes who are interested in basketball, tennis, volleyball, swimming, handball, and tennis. More severe muscle tears can be seen in those who are engaged in bodybuilding and sports such as weightlifting.
What are the symptoms of muscle rupture?
Symptoms of muscle rupture continue in the same course in many people and are mostly the same. Some symptoms may be more severe, depending solely on the severity of the tear. The most common symptoms include:
- Pain in the ruptured muscle and tenderness in the muscle. Especially forcing the torn muscle due to intense activities increases pain and sensitivity. However, resting after the activity will help reduce pain and sensitivity.
- Swelling or discoloration occurs in the area where muscle rupture occurred. There is also the possibility of both.
- Cramping or spasm of the muscle even when performing a very simple movement.
- There is a decrease in muscle strength or a complete loss of muscle function in very severe tears.
- Defects such as a gap or dents in the muscle tissue where the rupture occurred.
All these symptoms indicate fiber rupture and should be taken seriously. Because, in general, muscle tears are not taken seriously among people because they are not life-threatening. However, advanced muscle tears can lead to loss of function. This means that the muscle in which the tear occurred cannot be used again. The emergence of such a situation reduces people’s quality of life. To prevent this from happening, muscle ruptures must be taken seriously.
What are the causes of muscle rupture?
Muscle tears occur suddenly and unexpectedly. Tears can occur during sports or exercise, as well as while climbing stairs or during any daily activity. In addition, muscle rupture may occur as a result of an accident or trauma. There is a false perception among the public that people who only engage in intense sports activities can have muscle tears. However, given that many people are sitting and working all the time, muscle ruptures can occur even in a very simple action. A sudden stop to catch a bus, van or taxi can cause a muscle tear. Stumbling by missing a step while climbing or descending stairs may likewise be sufficient for muscle rupture to occur. Therefore, people of all ages and genders are in the risk group. When trying to make sudden movements without warming up, muscle tears inevitably occur. Especially in cold weather, it will be more difficult for the muscles to warm up, so muscle tears occur more on winter days.
What are the types of muscle rupture disease?
Muscle tears are evaluated in three different types to make diagnosis and treatment easier. Depending on the severity of the rupture, the disease is divided into three as first degree, second degree, and third-degree muscle tear. Tears caused by excessive stretching of more than one muscle are called first-degree muscle tears. This type of muscle tear occurs due to mild stretching and causes pain. However, it is not the case that the muscle does not recover or cannot function again. In second-degree tears, much more fiber rupture occurred compared to first-degree tears. Although there is more pain due to breakouts, swelling and bruising are also observed. Third-degree muscle ruptures occur as a result of the stresses that may cause the muscle to rupture completely. The muscular structure is divided into two and a slight popping sound may occur during the rupture. After such breaks, the muscle completely loses its function. Intense pain, swelling, and color changes occur.
How is muscle rupture diagnosed?
When visiting the doctor, the patient is asked questions about what kind of activity such a situation occurred at the time of the activity. The patient is asked questions about the severity of the symptoms, the degree of loss of muscle strength, or the stage of the limitation of movement. Information is also obtained from the patient about fever, weight loss, leg numbness, urinary or bladder problems, or whether there is a more serious medical problem. After obtaining sufficient medical information about symptoms and past experiences, a physical examination is performed. During the physical examination, necessary interventions are made to detect muscle tenderness, spasms, cramps, weakness, and reduced muscle movements. If the symptoms that occur after the examination are mild or moderate, no other tests and examinations are needed. However, if the result of the examination leaves the doctor doubts about the severity of the disease, techniques such as MRI or X-ray can be used. As a result of these techniques, the structure of the muscle is displayed and the severity of the tear is determined. If the patient has back pain, additional tests may be requested, considering that there may be urinary tract infection or problems with the spinal cord. According to the test results, the patient is directed by the doctor for correct and effective treatment.
What are the treatment methods for muscle rupture?
Treatment for muscle rupture is common in most patients. In first or second-degree muscle tears, sports, or exercise activities are interrupted for a while. It is essential to avoid all activities that will tire the muscle. It is necessary to apply ice to the area where muscle rupture occurs without wasting time. It should be applied at intervals of 2-3 hours for a few days when this muscle rupture continues. Ice compress prevents swelling of the area and supports the muscle to heal more quickly. It is also an effective method to compress the muscle by wrapping it with an elastic bandage during the injury. This method also prevents the formation of swelling. However, care should be taken not to squeeze too much, keeping in mind that blood flow can be blocked. If the pain increases and the swelling continues despite the bandage, the elastic bandage should be removed. Because this method means that it does not work because it is applied incorrectly. It is beneficial to keep the area of muscle rupture above the heart level, especially before sleeping at night or while lying down during the day. For example, a pillow can be placed under the feet while lying down in muscle tears in the legs. In cases of pain, the doctor prescribes appropriate pain relief to the patient. In third-degree tears, it is necessary to go to a physiotherapist regularly. The area where muscle rupture occurs should not be moved for a while. Surgical intervention may also be recommended depending on the severity of the situation.
Although muscle tears can be treated at home with some methods, individuals can detect their severity. unlikely to be. For this reason, it is important to be examined immediately after the symptoms are seen, so that you can live a healthier life.
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