Outdoor and rural activities are preferred activities, especially in spring and summer, because they are enjoyable. Especially people who are allergic to these activities should be careful about some issues. There may be a risk of bee stings, especially in areas with dense woodland and vegetation and high plant diversity. Bees generally do not have an aggressive nature. However, in some cases, they may perceive certain movements made by humans as a threat and cause a condition called bee sting by sticking the needle in their body to defend themselves. This is a simple problem for many individuals, and with the help of a few natural methods and measures that can be taken at home, the area stung by the bee can be calmed down in a short time. However, especially in people who are allergic to bees, the situation can progress to the shock table called anaphylaxis and can lead to death. For this reason, it is beneficial to apply to health institutions and to be examined in case of a bee sting.
What is done in a bee sting?
The problems caused by the bee sting differ from person to person. Symptoms felt after a bee sting may consist of simple symptoms such as mild pain, itching, and warming of the sting area, as well as serious allergic reactions. Generally, symptoms are more severe in individuals who are allergic to bee stings. In allergic individuals, after the first bee sting is experienced, the body may react more severely when a bee stings for the second or third time. In addition to allergies, the number of times the bee stings is another factor that affects the severity of the symptoms experienced. Honey bees die after stinging a person and can only sting once. But bees of different species, such as wasps and wasps, can sting more than once and then continue to live. In case of a bee sting, first of all, you should not panic, and if possible, the reactions that occur in the area should be examined in detail. If there is a health institution nearby, it should be consulted and checked. Individuals who have experienced a bee sting before and have not experienced any serious adverse events are generally not allergic. These individuals can overcome the problem with some of the home measures mentioned below. However, individuals who experience symptoms of allergic reactions should immediately apply to health institutions.
What happens after a bee sting?
Depending on the severity of the symptoms experienced, reactions after a bee sting can be grouped as mild, moderate, and severe. In mild reactions, symptoms such as a sharp burning, pain, redness, swelling that develop suddenly in the sting area are observed. The pain and swelling usually disappear within a few hours. Symptoms are slightly more severe with moderate reactions. Excessive redness may be seen and swelling that gradually increases in the sting area may continue to intensify for a few days. Severe allergic reactions cause a picture also called anaphylaxis. Serious conditions such as itching, rash, hives, pallor of the skin, shortness of breath, swelling of the throat and tongue, nausea, vomiting, pulse changes, diarrhea, dizziness, fainting, confusion, and loss of consciousness can be seen. People who experience these reactions require immediate medical attention. At the same time, since there may be a more serious risk of anaphylaxis if a bee sting is experienced again, planning can be made with allergy (immunology) experts about preventive practices and measures to be taken.
What is good for swelling after a bee sting?
With simple measures that can be taken at home in patients who are not allergic to bees and who do not develop serious symptoms after a bee sting, the reactions that occur in the area can be easily soothed. First, the needle left by the bee should be removed. You can easily do this by scraping it with a nail. Immediate removal of the needle prevents the reactions that develop from exacerbating as it will block the toxins released from the needle. Then the stinging area should be well cleaned with soap and water. Applying ice to the area where the bee stung is very effective in reducing the absorption of the venom by the body, if possible, cold compress and ice can be applied. This application is also effective in reducing swelling. If there is a health institution nearby, it is recommended to apply here just in case. Despite bee stings, many methods can be taken at home. Although these methods, which have been applied for years, are methods that have not been proven by scientific research, they are used in most cases and are widely preferred by the public because they are beneficial. Some of these applications are:
- Honey: It is a widely used home treatment method to apply honey to the sting area after a bee sting to accelerate wound healing and reduce pain and itching. The applied natural honey can be covered with a bandage and wait for an hour.
- Vinegar: The vinegar, which can neutralize the bee venom, can be used to reduce the effects of the venom and eliminate the complications caused by the sting. For this, the insertion area can be kept in a container filled with vinegar for 15 minutes or it can be applied to the insertion area after dipping in cotton vinegar.
- Baking soda: Another application that neutralizes bee venom and helps reduce complications such as pain, swelling, and burning is a paste prepared with baking soda and water. The paste prepared after mixing water and carbonate is applied to the insertion area and can be left for 15 minutes after it is covered with a bandage.
- Toothpaste: Although its effects on neutralizing bee venom are still debated, another home care method that is easily accessible is the use of toothpaste. Just like the baking soda paste, the toothpaste is applied to the sting area for a while and then rinsed with water.
In addition to the above natural applications, many applications such as putting a piece of meat on the insertion area and holding it, lavender oil, aspirin, creams obtained from calendula plant, aloe vera plant, tea tree oil are used. It should be known that none of these practices is a substitute for medical treatment and are not absolutely effective, and if possible, a health institution should be consulted for precaution, even if the symptoms are not very severe.
When to see a doctor for a bee sting?
In individuals without allergies, bee stings usually heal spontaneously within a few hours without requiring medical intervention and do not cause serious complications. If the symptoms after the bee sting get worse over time or if the symptoms of a severe reaction, which are explained in detail above, begin to be seen, a doctor should be visited as soon as possible and an examination should be made. Individuals with allergies should stay away from environments where bees can be found as much as possible and inform their relatives about their allergies. In the event of bee stings in individuals with allergies to bees, these persons should use the medicines they have with them that were previously prescribed by their physicians, and then they should apply to the nearest health institution as soon as possible.
How is bee sting treatment?
Symptoms that occur after a bee sting can be removed in a short time with simple applications that can be done at home in non-allergic individuals. Medical treatment is required for individuals with allergic reactions. Epinephrine (adrenaline) administration to reduce the allergic response of the body, oxygen application to help to breathe, intravenous antihistaminic and cortisone drug applications to relieve inflammation in the airways, one or more beta antagonist drug applications such as albuterol to relieve respiratory symptoms. can be done. Individuals who are allergic to bee stings are usually prescribed epinephrine autoinjectors by their physicians and are asked to carry them with them at all times. How these injections are made should be fully known by allergic people, and should be replaced with new ones if the expiration date is approaching. The immediate use of epinephrine autoinjectors after insertion largely prevents the development of severe anaphylaxis reactions, but health facilities should still be consulted and checked. In people who have not been diagnosed with allergies before, if moderate or severe reactions are observed after a bee sting, allergy tests can be applied. In addition to the treatment plan that will be recommended if allergies are detected in these people, information is also given about preventive measures. After the sting area is examined in detail in all patients, the complaints and accompanying diseases are learned, the necessary treatment applications are initiated and the patients are informed about the treatment.
If you have also experienced a bee sting, it is useful to apply to a health institution and be examined even if your symptoms are not severe. If you have a moderate or severe reaction, you may face anaphylaxis in the next bee sting.
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