Infections in the gums due to insufficient attention to oral and dental care, malnutrition, and some diseases can cause inflammation in the gums. Gingivitis, usually caused by bacterial infections, is also called gingivitis. Although it varies according to the region of its occurrence, gingivitis usually causes difficulty and pain during mouth movements and eating. Most of the time, it heals spontaneously within a few days and does not require any treatment other than full oral hygiene. However, if the inflammation is too large and lasts longer than 4-5 days, the dentist should be consulted. Untreated gingivitis can lead to a much more serious condition, periodontitis, leading to problems that can lead to tooth loss. Therefore, the necessary sensitivity should be shown in the treatment of inflammations in the gums.
What is gingivitis?
Gingivitis is an oral and dental health disease commonly caused by bacterial infections. Gingivitis, which is one of the main causes of tooth loss in adult individuals, usually develops as small-sized inflammations. Depending on the place of occurrence, it may not cause any discomfort to the person, and in some cases, especially in the case of large inflammations, it may cause difficulty in chewing, speaking, and eating. Gingivitis, which is a simple disease, usually heals in a short time as a result of long and regular brushing of the teeth and the use of dental floss. However, if oral care is not taken care of, the disease may progress and cause inflammation in different parts of the mouth and may progress to tooth loss.
What are the symptoms of gingivitis?
If gingivitis is simple, it may not be noticed by many people. Therefore, even if there are no symptoms, there may be inflammation in the gums. However, as the size of the inflammation increases or if the area where it is located in a region that is more open to feeling symptoms, gingivitis manifests itself with some symptoms. The most common symptoms of gingivitis are:
- Tenderness, redness, and swelling in the gums
- White inflammatory formations
- Bleeding during brushing or flossing
- Receding gums
- Loose teeth (shaking)
- Pain when speaking and chewing
- Extreme sensitivity to hot and cold foods
- Bad breath
What are the causes of gingivitis?
The gums hold on to the teeth from a farther than the point they are seen when viewed from the outside. The remainder is like a pocket, and food debris and plaques may settle inside this part. This is one of the most common causes of gingivitis. Dental plaques, which are a thin bacteria layer, can harden over time and turn into tartar, due to inadequate oral care. Settling of tartars in this pocket leads to the formation of gingivitis. These two conditions are the most common causes of gingivitis and, if not controlled, can cause the gums to separate from the teeth (gum recession). The prevention method is to brush the teeth and tongue regularly and effectively at least twice a day and to use dental floss after each brushing.
In some cases, inflammation of the gums may occur due to different reasons. Some of these reasons are:
- Smoking and tobacco use
- Diabetes disease
- Use of some medications (corticosteroids, oral contraceptives, chemotherapy drugs, calcium channel blockers, etc.)
- Broken fillings
- Structural disorders in teeth
- Genetic factors
What are the types of gingivitis?
Gingivitis is basically examined under 2 different types. The first of these is the group of gingivitis that develops due to reasons such as plaque formation, systemic factors, drug use, and malnutrition in gingivitis induced by gum plaque. Gingival lesions that do not occur due to plaques constitute the second type. These inflammations are usually caused by a specific type of bacteria, virus, or fungus. Genetic factors, allergic reactions, gingivitis due to wounds and dentures, or gingivitis of unknown cause are other types of cases in this group. To treat the disease, the factor that causes gingivitis and therefore the type of the disease must be determined.
How is gingivitis diagnosed?
The diagnosis of gingivitis in patients who apply to dentists with complaints such as sensitivity, pain, swelling, and inflammation in the teeth can usually be made easier as a result of physical examination. Apart from the physical examination, previous dental operations, medical history, and symptoms are evaluated by dentists. During the examination, teeth, and gums, mouth and tongue are checked. Cavities and tooth pockets between teeth are examined. If deep pockets are seen, it may be necessary to take x-rays and evaluate the obtained images to review the bone structure and health. As a result of the examinations, any concrete cause that may cause gingivitis may not be determined. More detailed medical examinations may be required in these cases whose cause cannot be determined. Since problems related to oral and dental health can also be caused by diseases in different parts of the body, patients are consulted to different medical units when necessary.
How is the treatment of gingivitis done?
In gingivitis, as in many diseases, diagnosing the disease at an early stage and taking the necessary precautions significantly increases the success of the treatment. In this way, the formation of more serious gum diseases and tooth loss can be prevented. When a good oral care routine is adopted and adapted, it is possible that the treatment recommended by the physician can be fully successful. Professional gum care is the cornerstone of the treatment of his disease. If professional dental cleaning and tartar removal procedures applied by dentists are necessary, they should be applied first. In this way, all plaque, tartar, and other bacterial products on the teeth are removed. These procedures, which are applied with the help of some special tools, laser or ultrasonic devices, accelerate the healing and minimize the possibility of recurrence of the disease. Then, if necessary, dental restorations should be applied. Prostheses that are not compatible with the mouth and tooth structure, structural defects in the teeth, and other problems that may prevent tooth cleaning can be eliminated in this way.
After a professional cleaning and care, the patients should be told the treatment plan that should be applied at home by the physicians. The simplest answer to the question of how gingivitis passes is to provide the necessary hygiene in the mouth. As recommended for all healthy individuals, people with gingivitis are also recommended to brush their teeth and tongue 3 times a day with the appropriate technique and regular flossing. It is also recommended to use antiseptic and anti-inflammatory mouthwashes, which accelerate the recovery of the disease and reduce the pain sensation it creates. Gingivitis can also be treated naturally with saltwater, but in some cases, the physician should be consulted on this issue as salt may damage the mouth sores. In this way, with the implementation of the treatment plan determined in line with the recommendations of the dentists, the disease will recover spontaneously within a few weeks at the latest.
If you also have a gingivitis problem and wonder what is good for gingivitis, you should not neglect to do your oral care regularly and you should consult a dentist for treatment. After the treatment, you can minimize your risk of getting gingivitis again by taking care to do your oral care completely after you regain your health.
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