Occupational therapy, which we encounter in many media today and which we have heard in our social life, is a type of treatment that is used in the treatment of many diseases, usually psychological disorders, and aims to increase the quality of life, participation in social life and gain individual independence.
What is ergotherapy?
Ergotherapy is used in the treatment of many different diseases, especially psychiatric diseases such as autism, epilepsy, attention deficit, and hyperactivity; It is a client-centered health profession that aims to increase health and well-being.
The primary goal is to increase the quality of life of the person and ensure their participation in social life. It is applied to people who have difficulties in mental, physical, sensory, visual, social, environmental, emotional areas, need special treatment, have trouble speaking due to problems in language development, and have difficulty in adapting because of behavioral problems. Ergotherapy can be applied to people of all age groups.
Occupational therapists (occupational therapists) work with people and communities to help people with such problems gain or increase their ability to perform what they need, want to do, or are expected to do by different people. Occupational therapists usually either change their occupations or try to speed up the treatment process of the people by changing the environment. Since ergotherapy is a person-centered health profession, occupational therapists must have the necessary knowledge, knowledge, and experience to work in collaboration with individuals, groups, or communities. Occupational therapy training at universities should also aim at this and provide a comprehensive education in the fields of medical, social-behavioral, psychological, psychosocial, and occupational therapy science to its students.
Occupational therapists also work with people who have been socially excluded or restricted from participation for one reason or another, regardless of any physical ailment. One of these reasons is; it can be a supporter of a social or cultural minority group or directly participating in one of these groups.
People should actively participate in the occupational therapy process to achieve a positive result. Since it is a client-centered health profession, the results seen on individuals after therapy will also be varied. After the therapy, the increase in the activity performance of the person and the satisfaction level of the person due to his participation in the activity is measured.
Occupational therapists in countries that place occupational therapy as a health profession, namely occupational therapists, are expected to have a university education organized with the necessary courses specific to the profession.
What are the courses taken in the occupational therapy department?
Occupational therapy training at universities is very important. After graduation, the person who becomes an occupational therapist is expected to have trained himself well in many ways because occupational therapists apply special therapy to the client by communicating with people one-to-one. For this purpose, the education students receive in the occupational therapy department is divided into basic sciences, vocational sciences, and application courses. Practice lessons are also important for students to gain experience.
- Growth and development
- Special Anatomy For Occupational Therapy
- Health Policies
- Health Sociology
- Introduction to Occupational Therapy
- Basic Anatomy
- Occupational Therapy Theories
- Motion Analysis and Biomechanics
- Preventive Occupational Therapy and Environmental Regulations
- Community-Based Rehabilitation
- Sensory Integration in Ergotherapy
- Music Therapy in Occupational Therapy
courses are courses that enable students to prepare for professional life.
What are the working areas of ergotherapy?
- Psychiatric Rehabilitation
- Hand Rehabilitation
- Vocational Rehabilitation
- Community-Based Rehabilitation
- Oncological Rehabilitation
- Cognitive Rehabilitation
- Disabled Individuals
- Assistive Technology
- Geriatric Rehabilitation
- Neurological Rehabilitation
- Pediatric Rehabilitation
- LGBTI Individuals
can be counted as.
Where can occupational therapists work?
Occupational therapists can work wherever occupational therapy workplaces exist, so they have a wide range of workplaces and workgroups. As places of employment, hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, day and inpatient rehabilitation centers, public health and occupational health centers, home care programs, private schools, judicial institutions, industry, and private companies can be counted. Most of the occupational therapists work as educators and consultants in private practices.
How do occupational therapists work?
The first step in the ergotherapy process is evaluation, and an occupational therapist can repeat this several times. It is a very important step. The ergotherapy process is based on this step.
At this stage, occupational therapists examine the individual and environmental abilities of this person or persons with the people or group they work with, while at the same time focusing on the problems that these people face in their daily lives and examine these problems.
During the evaluation phase, occupational therapists perform standard procedures, examine the information acquired as a result of interviews or observations in some settings, and also interview important people in the lives of the people they carry out the occupational therapy process.
Occupational therapists form the basis of a plan by determining the goals of the treatment carried out in the short and long term in line with the results they find during the evaluation phase. In this plan, the lifestyle of the person, his / her roles in his social life, his / her preferences on some issues, his / her habits that he/she has difficulty giving up, the stage of development, and the environment in which he lives should be taken into consideration.
During the intervention phase, occupational therapists should work in a person-oriented manner to get a positive result and make interventions in harmony with the environment observed in the previous stages. These interventions are interventions made to achieve the goal of occupational therapy. It is the priority to increase the performance of the person in his daily life and to increase the adaptation of the person to the work, social or living environments he frequently enters. Occupational therapists try to teach people new techniques for this purpose and sometimes try to use the equipment. This equipment can often help facilitate personal care, eliminate environmental factors that may interfere with the person, and reduce the stress felt by the person.
Teamwork takes an important place in the occupational therapy process. In this teamwork, it is very important to be in constant cooperation or coordination with the family of the person, other important people in his life, other health professionals, caregivers, or volunteers to reach a positive result more easily. It enables the holistic approach to take place in the ergotherapy process.
The most important point in the treatment process is that the patient forgets his illness, even for a short time, because after this point, the treatment process begins clearly. The independence of the patient contributes to the forgetting of his illness.
Ergotherapy approach examples
- Special occupational therapy training should be given for the visually impaired or people with vision problems, and changes in the environment should be made to suit the person.
- In case of psychiatric disorders, activities that will enable the person to gain independence should be carried out, and participation in social activities should be ensured.
- People with rheumatic diseases should be trained to protect the joints, ergonomic arrangements should be made to eliminate the obstacles in the environment where the person lives, some movement techniques should be taught and applied.
- Special techniques should be applied to improve cognitive and physical functions in people with neurological disorders.
Do not forget about the positive effects of ergotherapy on health problems.
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