Allergic conjunctivitis is the most common allergic eye disease, usually starting in childhood. Approximately 15 percent of people experience one or more types of allergies. Due to its direct contact with the environment, the eye is an organ that is more prone to allergic diseases. It may cause itching, burning, stinging, itching, burning, redness, watering, sensitivity to light, and visual impairment in the eyes. The eyelids may be slightly swollen, the cornea is mostly intact and the person’s vision is not affected. There may also be signs of allergic rhinitides, such as a runny nose, sneezing, nasal congestion, and itching.
Types of allergic conjunctivitis
There are five different eye allergies. These:
- Seasonal and non-seasonal allergic conjunctivitis
- Spring keratoconjunctivitis
- Atopic keratoconjunctivitis
- Giant papillary conjunctivitis
- Contact eye allergy
Allergic conjunctivitis risks
It is more common in children and teenagers, as well as in men. In 75 percent of these patients, additional diseases such as asthma, atopic eczema, and allergic rhinitis may be encountered.
Are pools seriously dangerous?
Many people have a rash in their eyes after leaving the pool. Seawater also causes redness in the eyes. However, the possibility of eye disorders caused by pollution in the pool is higher. In addition, if the pool water is too chlorinated, it burns eyes, nasal passages, and nose. The allergic rash occurs in the eyes. Almost everyone is affected if there is too much chlorine in the pool water. Not opening eyes in water in very chlorinated pools and also in very salty seas will protect us from allergic eye diseases.
Allergic conjunctivitis treatment
The diagnosis of allergic eye diseases is made by examination and laboratory examinations based on the patient’s information. A good eye examination is required for a correct diagnosis. In the examination, the eyelids, the membrane called the conjunctiva covering the eye surface, the areas where the glands are opened, eyelashes, and cornea are carefully examined. Sometimes it may be necessary to examine the back surface of the eyelids.
The most important thing to do in the treatment of allergies is to avoid the allergen substance as long as possible if it can be detected. Cold application and artificial tears may be useful in relieving eye complaints. Often, antihistamine drugs, drugs that constrict the vessels, drugs that stabilize the cells that cause allergic complaints, anti-inflammatory drugs, and drugs with cortisone are needed.
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