What is Collagen?

By | 19 February 2021

What is collagen?

Numerous different types of proteins found in tissues and organs in the body help to preserve both structural and functional properties of the related structures. Each different type of protein keeps the body healthy by being in harmony with its different functions. One of the most important of these proteins is collagen.

Collagen; is a structural protein found in many organs in the body, especially skin, bones, tendons, and ligaments. It is the most abundant protein in the body and makes up one-third of all body proteins. Collagen, which is a very important component of connective tissue, holds the tissues together like an adhesive. Collagen, which is abundant in the body and has various functions in different tissues, is the basic substance that protects the body structure.

What are the types of collagen?

There are many different types of collagen molecules in the body. Although the main task of all of them is to support the connective tissue structure, each of them has some specialized tasks. Basic types of collagen:

Type 1 collagen: 90% of the collagen in the body is Type 1 collagen. It has a tightly bundled strand structure. It is responsible for the establishment of bone, skin, tendon, fibrous cartilage, and tooth structure.

Type 2 collagen: This type of collagen fibers are loosely packed than Type 1. It is found in elastic cartilage located in the joints.

Type 3 collagen: It is located in the food of muscle, organ, and vascular structures.

Type 4 collagen: Found in the skin layers.

As the age progresses, collagen production decreases in the body, and poorer quality collagen is produced. As a result of this, the skin loses its elasticity and wrinkles occur. Cartilage tissue also gets weaker. Problems with joints can be seen.

What are the foods that increase collagen production?

It is very important for health that collagen, which is a very important protein for the body, can be synthesized in sufficient amount and quality. Vitamin C plays a role in collagen production. Therefore, getting enough vitamin C is necessary for collagen synthesis. Copper mineral is involved in the regulation of collagen produced. Copper plays a role in the bond formation required for collagen to give the tissue the necessary strength. Therefore, a sufficient amount of copper must be consumed.

What are the Conditions that Cause Collagen Damage?

With the advancement of age, the amount of collagen produced in the body decreases. This is a natural process. Also, collagen in the body is damaged as a result of some situations. Damage to collagen production or structure can cause various ailments. Excessive consumption of sugar and refined carbohydrates can inhibit collagen’s self-renewal ability. Avoiding excessive sugar consumption can help preserve collagen quality in the body. Prolonged exposure to sunlight can reduce collagen production. It is recommended to be careful about overexposure to sunlight so that the body can synthesize a sufficient amount of collagen. To smoke; As it decreases collagen synthesis, it can delay wound healing and cause wrinkles. Apart from this pest, there are very serious diseases caused by smoking. It is very important to quit smoking to be protected from all these.

What do collagen supplements do?

Collagen is a very common protein in the body and has a large number of specialized subtypes. Those who use collagen supplements aim for a healthier life by increasing the amount of collagen in their bodies. Collagen supplements; help to prevent a wide range of undesirable events from hair health to cartilage, from facial wrinkles to heart diseases.

Collagen is abundant in the skin. With aging, collagen loss occurs in the inner layers of the skin, the skin loses its elasticity and becomes susceptible to damage. Wrinkles begin to form on the skin that loses its elasticity. The skin gradually takes on an aged appearance. With collagen supplements, skin elasticity increases and the moisture balance of the skin improves. Collagen density in the deep layers of the skin increases. All these effects prevent wrinkles and make the skin look younger. Supplements have an anti-aging effect. With this feature, it is a supplement that is frequently used especially for the face. Supplements in the form of collagen serum can be applied directly to the face area, allowing the skin to have a healthy and youthful appearance.

One of the most important molecules involved in the formation of muscle structure is collagen. Collagen supplementation can play a role in increasing muscle mass. Studies are showing that the muscle mass increases more than normal in people who regularly do endurance exercises and take collagen supplements. It is possible to have a healthier body with these supplements that help increase lean body mass. In the supplement known as water collagen; There are also various vitamins and minerals, mainly collagen. Powdered collagen is made ready to use by mixing it in liquid in recommended sizes. Hydrolyzed collagen, which is intense in this supplement, which is ready to drink, is easily absorbed by the body. Consuming this type of collagen supplement, which provides great comfort in carrying and use, during exercise helps to increase muscle mass.

Collagen is a protein that helps stimulate cartilage production. Cartilage is located in the joint ends of the bones and protects the bones from wear. It allows joints to move flexibly and comfortably. Collagen production, which decreases with aging, causes the cartilage tissue to weaken. Due to the weakening of the cartilage, the bones in the joint are damaged. The joint structure is impaired and the joint movements are restricted. As a result of all these processes, pain occurs in the joints. With pain, joint movements are thoroughly restricted. Thanks to collagen supplements, joint pain can be reduced and joint stiffness can be reduced. Supplements can have a positive effect on improving the problems caused by osteoarthritis, which is a common joint disease in elderly people.

There are also studies showing that collagen supplements have positive effects on heart health. Regular use of supplements; can be effective in healing factors such as high cholesterol and hardening of the arteries that can cause atherosclerosis. Collagen benefits include the prevention of vascular occlusion and a positive effect on heart health. It can prevent ailments such as coronary artery disease and heart attack. Various collagen supplements such as the collagen pill can contribute to improving heart health.

Collagen is also very important for hair health. Taking collagen, which is one of the basic substances that make up the structure of hair, with supplements is very important in terms of replacing the collagen lost from the body. Free oxygen radicals that occur as a result of various reactions in the hair follicles can damage the cells in the roots. Hair graying is also one of the effects of free radicals on the hair. Collagen acts as an antioxidant, eliminating free radicals. It helps to keep the hair follicles healthy. It contributes to the reduction of whitening in hair. Also, since it protects the skin texture containing the hair follicles, it can prevent events such as hair weakening and loss that may occur with aging.

Are there any side effects of collagen supplements?

Collagen supplements are widely used supplements. No serious side effects have been reported as a result of collagen supplementation. However, supplements can cause mild digestive problems and a bad taste in the mouth. Collagen supplements often contain different food sources for a variety of vitamins and minerals. Before starting to use the supplement, it will be useful to carefully examine the content of the supplement and evaluate whether the person receiving the supplement is allergic to any of the ingredients. It is recommended that children and pregnant women read the warnings about supplements before using supplements.

It will be useful to contact a health center to evaluate your needs, ask questions about collagen supplements, and evaluate the effects after supplements. We wish you healthy days.