What are bleeding gums and causes of bleeding gums?

By | 19 February 2021

What are bleeding gums and causes of bleeding gums?

Although gingival bleeding is a symptom of diseases that may occur in the gums, it may also occur due to other health problems. Gingival bleeding may occur due to brushing the teeth too hard, using the floss too hard, improper use of prostheses. Apart from these and other daily problems, gum bleeding can also indicate diseases such as periodontitis, leukemia, vitamin deficiency, platelet deficiency. Such diseases cause the gums to bleed and become more inflamed. For this reason, those who have gum bleeding problems should definitely apply to health institutions to learn the cause of this problem and start the treatment process.

What are bleeding gums?

Gingival bleeding threatens the health of the individual, starting with excessive plaque buildup in the gums. Sticky and colorless bacterial plaque called gingivitis, which occurs as a result of plaque accumulation, causes inflammation in the gums. These plaques cause bleeding over time and cause the individual to have unhealthy gums. Excessive plaque accumulation can cause bleeding as well as cause jawbone disease called periodontitis, which is a much more serious health problem. These and similar diseases occurring in the mouth negatively affect the health of the individual and cause a decrease in the quality of life. For this reason, bleeding gums should be taken seriously, the reasons causing this problem should be learned in consultation with a dentist and the treatment process should be started as soon as possible.

What are the symptoms of bleeding gums?

Gingival bleeding is most commonly noticed as blood seen during tooth brushing. Also, some sensitivity problems will arise as different symptoms of the disease that causes gum bleeding. Tingling of the gums while consuming hot and cold drinks, feeling of pressure on the gums while chewing food, swelling of the gums than their normal color and consequently swelling, excessive squeezing of the gums of the prostheses used are among the main symptoms of gum bleeding.

What are the causes of bleeding gums?

Not only gum-related diseases, but many diseases can also cause gum bleeding. The most common causes of bleeding gums are:

  • Gingivitis is the first stage of gum disease. Common symptoms include tenderness and reddening of the gums. It occurs because the plaques formed in the gums are not cleaned over time, and these plaques cause the growth of bacteria. Therefore, when sensitivity and redness of the gums occur, a specialist should be consulted and the disease should be treated before the disease progresses.
  • Some medicines can cause bleeding gums as a side effect. Especially blood thinners will facilitate bleeding in the gums as it will make it difficult for blood to clot. To avoid this problem, the drugs to be used should be taken under expert control, and more sensitive oral care products should be preferred for these people.
  • Changing the oral care products used can also cause bleeding gums. Going out of the daily routine in oral cleaning sometimes causes gum bleeding, in such cases, it may be necessary to see a specialist and return to the old routine.
  • Changing hormonal activities during pregnancy can cause gum sensitivity. Bleeding may occur during dental care due to increased blood flow in the gums.
  • Not paying enough attention to oral care is the main cause of gum disease and therefore gum bleeding. Oral health can only be achieved with regular daily oral care. For this reason, teeth should be brushed at least 2 times a day, dental floss should be used and the tongue should be cleaned.
  • An unhealthy diet is another factor that can lead to gum bleeding. Some ingredients found in processed foods can irritate the gums and cause sensitization. Also, vitamin and mineral deficiencies are very effective in the deterioration of oral and dental health.
  • Therefore, due attention should be paid to adequate and balanced nutrition.
  • The stress of modern life can lead to many diseases as well as pave the way for oral diseases. Stress causes vascular health to deteriorate and the immune system to weaken. As a result, oral health may deteriorate and gum bleeding may occur.
  • If the food is not chewed following the tooth structure, the pressure will be applied to the wrong places and bleeding may occur in the gums. In fact, this situation may cause bite disease in the future.

Smoking does not only harm many things but also affects the gums very badly. Harmful substances in cigarette smoke can accumulate in the gums and cause infections. Therefore, smoking should be avoided to prevent gum bleeding.

How is gingival bleeding diagnosed?

Gingival bleeding is often not a cause but a consequence. To prevent this result, it is necessary to get help from an expert regularly. Daily oral and dental care should be done regularly, also, a dental examination should be at least every 6 months. With a dentist’s examination, all problems related to oral health can be easily detected. Possible dental diseases can be easily diagnosed as a result of the examination by the dentist during the examination and sharing the problems experienced by the patient with the dentist. In some cases, some tests that facilitate the diagnosis may be requested by the physician. After all these procedures, the underlying cause of gum bleeding and other oral health problems can be determined and an appropriate treatment process can be started.

How is gum bleeding treatment done?

The first step in the treatment of bleeding gums is individual oral care, regularly and carefully. In addition to daily oral care, you should have a dental examination twice a year, as often as your dentist will recommend if you have a diagnosed oral and dental health disease. Proper brushing of the teeth and the use of dental floss will reduce the risk of gum bleeding to a minimum, as the formation of dental plaque will be minimized. Since gum bleeding is often caused by bacterial infections, the use of antiseptic mouthwashes can also prevent bleeding from occurring. Gargling with warm and saltwater can be used in bleeding treatments as it will relieve the gums. It is often recommended to use a soft toothbrush to avoid damaging the gums. Especially individuals with sensitive gums should prefer this type of toothbrush. However, the use of electric toothbrushes, which has been increasing in recent years, is more suitable for effective tooth cleaning and helps to clean the gums more. In addition to these, some drug treatments may also be required for individuals who have more advanced gum bleeding problems and make daily life, eating, and oral care extremely difficult. Medicines, special toothpaste, mouthwashes, and pain relievers may be recommended for this. It will be possible to completely eliminate the problem of gum bleeding with the treatment recommended by the physician and correct oral care.

If you also have gum bleeding problems, you should consult a dentist and be examined immediately. If you have any disease that causes bleeding in your gums, you can prevent this problem completely and prevent serious problems that may progress to tooth loss in the future.