Amok disease is a type of psychiatric illness that is more common in Central Asia and Malaysia. This disease, which is seen much more rarely than psychiatric diseases detected so far, causes aggression in individuals and can reach serious levels that can cause death. In Malaysia, where the disease is more common, it is also referred to as “Mengamok” or “Running Amok”, which means killer madness in colloquial language. The disease usually develops suddenly and may cause negativities such as involuntary movements, loss of consciousness, and aggressive attitudes in the individual. With such symptoms, both the patient himself and the individuals around him can be life-threatening. Although the development mechanism of the disease is not known exactly, it is also explained as a culture-dependent syndrome in the field of medicine because it is concentrated in the Malaysian region. Because it is a fatal disease, people with symptoms related to this disease should be given the necessary sensitivity by their close environment and the patient should be made to apply to a health institution as soon as possible.
What is Amok disease?
Amok’s disease, which is a psychiatric illness, refers to a kind of loss of consciousness and insanity livelihood that develops suddenly in individuals and exacerbates suddenly. Although it may be difficult to notice by the environment in many other psychiatric illnesses, some concrete symptoms start mildly and worsen if left untreated. Since this is not the case with this disease, it may be difficult to control patients and it may be difficult to diagnose the disease correctly due to its rarity. This disease, also known as dissociative, was first seen among primitive tribes in the 18th century. The most important reason for emphasizing that the development of the disease depends on difficult cultural and environmental factors is that the prevalence of Amok disease has decreased with the difficult living conditions and the decrease in violence overtime after the 18th century. Patients who suddenly find themselves in this syndrome tend to humiliate, injure, or even kill people they have just met. Therefore, patients pose a risk for both themselves and anyone close or distant around them.
What is the symptom of Amok disease?
When the word meaning of Amok is looked at, it corresponds to meanings such as dreadful, murderous, murderer, and angry. Therefore, the most basic symptom of the Amok disease is that the individual has such a personality that develops suddenly. Since the regions with difficult living conditions such as Central and Southeast Asia, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, Puerto Rico, and Malaysia are places where the disease is intensely seen, much more attention should be paid to the symptoms of the disease in these regions. Although the incidence of the disease has decreased due to the modernization of life and the ease of living conditions, it can be said that it still exists. It is common for some murderers to be diagnosed with this disease, especially after brutal murders. Before the violent attacks of the disease, which may lead to insanity, various symptoms of depression may be encountered. However, these symptoms can only be noticed by the close environment of the patients, who are always together. Although it can be seen in both sexes, when Amok cases are examined, the disease is much more common in the male gender. Many Amok patients with insanity attacks believe that they have suffered or will suffer malice, even though there is no such situation during these attacks.
What are the causes of Amok disease?
Although the factors that play a role in its development are not fully identified, Amok disease is linked to social, cultural, and environmental factors such as excessive cultural pressure, exposure to violent criminal behavior, or growing up in their environment. One of the most concrete reasons for this situation is that the disease has not spread worldwide, but is concentrated in areas with difficult living conditions. In addition, it is emphasized that the violent behaviors triggered in Amok patients may develop due to psychotic reasons, personality, or mood disorders. By examining the findings obtained so far, the disease is a type of disease included in the culture-specific syndromes group. Research on the subject is ongoing, and the possibility of these diseases re-erupting among modern and industrialized societies is also suggested. Almost all individuals with an outbreak of the disease, defined as “Running Amok” in English, are diagnosed as a result of injuring or killing third persons with the help of a weapon or a wounding device. Since symptoms such as severe depression with sudden development are seen before the insanity attacks, patients with such symptoms noticed by family members or relatives should be delivered to health institutions without wasting time.
How is Amok’s disease diagnosed?
Amok disease can be diagnosed by psychiatric examination in patients who lose themselves with insanity attacks and turn to violent behavior. These patients may be referred to health control after causing any murder, assault, or injury, or they may be brought to health institutions as a result of the symptoms observed by their close environment. In both cases, a detailed examination session is conducted with the patient by the psychiatrist. In addition, it may be necessary to meet with family, friends, and people who are in constant communication with the patient. Necessary safety precautions must be taken during the inspection. If necessary, support can be obtained from psychologists. Some diagnostic tests can be used to rule out different disease possibilities. These often include psychological tests, blood tests, and medical imaging tests. After all these examinations and examinations, an intensive and long-term treatment process should be started without wasting time in patients diagnosed with Amok disease.
What are the treatment methods for Amok disease?
Amok disease is a psychiatric illness that is thought to be associated with psychiatric illnesses such as psychosis and bipolar disorder. For this reason, the treatment process usually proceeds similarly to such diseases. Since most of the patients are violent and suicidal, they may need to be brought to health institutions dealing with psychiatric diseases involuntarily for treatment. However, this is usually the case in the most extreme cases, and not every patient is in this degree of attack. Most of the cases of Amok involve some incubation processes such as the sudden death of a loved and valued person, a sad event that creates a shock effect, and an intense and severe depression process. Therefore, it is very important to get psychiatric support in such cases. Patients diagnosed with Amok disease usually receive an inpatient treatment starting at 6 or 8 weeks. During this treatment, appropriate types of antidepressant drugs are made. Intravenous drug administration or sedative applications can be applied to patients who refuse to use medication with the recommendation of a physician. In addition to medication, cognitive treatment is also administered by psychiatrists and psychologists. During this process, regular and frequent interviews are held with the patient, and methods such as hypnosis can be used if deemed necessary.
If you also observe symptoms of depression, bipolar disorder, or obsessive or violent behavior in any of your relatives, you should seek medical attention immediately. Patients with such psychiatric symptoms may have Amok disease or other serious health problems. Therefore, psychiatric support should be obtained in terms of both the health of the patient and the safety of the people around him. In this way, the underlying psychiatric disease can be treated, while at the same time, measures can be taken against more serious problems that may be encountered in the future.
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