What causes a tongue wound?

By | 15 May 2021

What causes a tongue wound?

The tongue is one of the important structures in the oral cavity and is described as one of the strongest muscles in the body. Preserving the healthy structure of the tongue, which is a part of important functions such as taste, speaking, chewing, and swallowing, is important in terms of quality of life. Common tongue sores, when painful, can negatively affect daily life. Tongue sores are also among the symptoms of many systemic diseases.

Lesions on the tongue are usually benign and can heal quickly. It is possible to benefit from natural methods and gargles in the treatment of simple wounds. However, tongue wounds that do not heal spontaneously within 14 days should be evaluated by an otolaryngologist or dentist. Stubborn lesions on the tongue are evaluated within a broad framework that extends to tongue cancer.

In what ways are tongue wounds seen?

Sores on the tongue, like other mouth or skin sores, can be seen in different ways. The most common types of wounds on the tongue are:

  • Aphthous Ulcer: These are painful wounds that are white and red around.
  • Leukoplakia: White, off-white, slightly raised, flat or rough lesions.
  • Erythroplakia: It is the red color of the lesion described in leukoplakia.
  • Lichen Planus: Purplish lesions raised on the tongue.

What are the symptoms of tongue injury?

While the wounds on the tongue can be easily seen from the outside, some wounds, especially in the lower and back parts of the tongue, can be overlooked. If the person has one or more of the following symptoms, the invisible parts of the tongue should be examined in detail.

  • The presence of wounds on the tongue and on the tip,
  • Tongue sensitivity,
  • Pain and burning sensation in the tongue,
  • Pain and burning sensation in the tongue that develops after eating and drinking.

What is the natural structure of the tongue?

The structure of the tongue varies from individual to individual. First of all, it is necessary to mention some conditions that can be considered as tongue wounds but are actually defined as disorders in the tongue structure and are not considered pathological. Two common conditions are defined as abnormal tongue structure but are not considered a disease.

  • Map Tongue: The parts that give the tongue a rough appearance, are located on the top and sides of the tongue and contain taste buds are called papillae. With the disappearance of the papillae in some parts of the tongue, bright red sections on the tongue and white or yellow lines surrounding these parts are formed. These figures are likened to geographical maps and therefore this situation is defined as map language. Often these patchy zones appear in different parts of the language, roaming. Although these lesions are painless, sometimes patients may be sensitive to hot, hot foods or acidic drinks. Although the exact cause of the map language structural disorder is not known, there are opinions that it may be a genetic disorder. If an underlying infection, allergy, vitamin deficiency, the hormonal disorder is not detected, a diagnosis of a map language disorder can be made. Since this situation does not cause any symptoms, there is no need for curative treatment.
  • Scrotal (Fissured) Tongue: Generally, the upper level of the tongue is a flat floor when viewed longitudinally. There is a deep cleft in the middle of the tongue in the fissured tongue. Other less deep slits can be seen on the tongue surface, giving the tongue a wrinkled, lacy look. Although this condition is not seen as a disease and is considered a structural disorder, it may be susceptible to infectious wounds with the accumulation of food residues in deep clefts. If you also suspect that you have this condition, you may need to pay more attention to your oral hygiene. These structural disorders can turn into a burning mouth or painful mouth syndrome (glossodynia), which is characterized by a constant burning sensation as if a bitter food was eaten, even though there is no visible wound on the tongue.

What are causes a tongue wound?

Those with tongue wounds “How do tongue wounds occur?” wonders the answer to the question.  Causes a tongue wound can be grouped under the following headings:

  • Traumatic lesions: Traumatic lesions; develops as a result of mechanical trauma, exposure to heat or chemical agents, and usually resolves spontaneously. Tongue incisions rarely require stitches.
  • Bacterial infections: Ulcerations of the tongue can be seen due to streptococcal infections, tuberculosis, and syphilis. Vesicles on the tongue due to viral infections such as Herpes Simplex (herpes) or white plaque-like lesions (leukoplakia), especially on the lateral side of the tongue, maybe seen due to HIV. When the immunodeficiency seen in AIDS disease is added to the picture, the incidence of tongue lesions in this disease reaches a serious level.
  • Fungal infections: The tongue is a favorite residential area for fungal infections. Fungal infections in the tongue develop due to Candida Albicans, which is normally found in the body but has the potential to cause disease with a decrease in body resistance due to various diseases. In fungal infections, sores are usually located on the tongue.
  • Immunological diseases: Chronic or frequently recurring aphthae on the tongue or lichen planus (purplish, itchy lesions) can also be frequently seen in autoimmune diseases such as Behçet’s disease or SLE (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus).
  • Nutritional problems: B12 and vitamin D deficiencies that develop due to nutritional deficiencies can cause a painful and red tongue.
  • Precancerous and cancerous lesions: White or off-white colored lesions (leukoplakia) located on the lateral side of the tongue, which is raised from the surface and sometimes progressing as gray patches (leukoplakia) may be a sign of a malignant tumor. The careful examination of the area called the coffin area and the back and bottom of the tongue during daily oral care is very important in the early diagnosis of painless tongue cancer.

What is good for tongue wounds?

Since ancient times, people have benefited from some natural remedies to heal mouth and tongue wounds. If you ask, “What’s good for tongue wounds?” If you are wondering about the answer to the question, you can take a look at the methods below:

  • Baking soda: Baking soda is often used for wounds on the tongue. Besides its ability to relieve and reduce pain, baking soda is also effective against inflammation caused by some infections. To treat tongue sores, mix a teaspoon of baking soda with some warm water. Make this mixture pasty. Apply the prepared mixture to the affected area and wait for a minute. After a minute, rinse your tongue with lukewarm water.
  • Salt: You can use salt, which is a natural pain reliever, for the treatment of tongue surface wounds. Salt helps reduce pain and inflammation and prevents infection. After mixing 1 teaspoon of salt with 1 cup of warm water, rinse your mouth with this mixture 3 or 4 times a day.
  • Licorice Root: The natural healing properties of licorice root give positive results in tongue wounds.
  • Sage: Sage, which is one of the oldest known antiseptic (germicidal) herbs, can also be used in the treatment of tongue wounds. You can brew the leaf-shaped sage tea in hot water and warm it up. You can use this tea either by gargling or by holding some amount in the mouth and drinking it. Sage mouthwash provides both oral hygienes and is effective in protecting from tongue wounds and in the treatment of simple tongue wounds.

Although tongue wounds are generally defined as benign lesions, if you have a tongue wound that does not heal in a short time, you should definitely consult a dentist or an otolaryngologist.


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