Pregnancy is one of the important stages in a woman’s life. During this period, various changes occur in his body and all organ systems.
So, what awaits a woman during pregnancy?
First of all, the first symptom of pregnancy is the menstrual delay. Unless there is an abnormal condition in a woman of reproductive age who has regular menstruation, each delayed period is initially interpreted in favor of pregnancy. A pregnancy test (in blood or urine) to confirm this clearly reveals the situation.
In calculating the duration of pregnancies, the last menstrual date of the patient is taken as a basis. Although a pregnancy usually occurs about 2 weeks after the last menstruation, this method is preferred because it is not possible to determine this day exactly. For example, suppose that a woman’s menstrual date is 2 weeks late. In this case, the baby’s formation should occur 4 weeks earlier. However, since the last menstrual period is taken as a basis in the calculation of the gestation period, the gestational age is accepted as 6 weeks. When calculated by this method, pregnancy in humans lasts 40 weeks or 280 days. Assuming that an average month is 30 days, it is simply expressed as 9 months and 10 days. This period is divided into 3 periods, each of approximately 13 weeks, and changes in pregnancy can be explained according to the stages.
First trimester: At this stage, the most common complaints of a pregnant woman are nausea and vomiting. Although the reason for this is not known exactly, it is thought to be due to the rapidly rising pregnancy hormone in the blood. To relieve nausea, a pregnant woman may want things that might characterize her life as different or even odd, which is known as “craving.” During this period, a pregnant may lose 10% of her body weight. In severe cases, rest may be required along with intravenous fluid and drug therapy. Weakness, fatigue, sleepiness and apathy, and unwillingness to events are also common in this period. Pain in the groin may accompany other findings as a result of the growth of the baby in the uterus and the expansion of the uterus in parallel.
Second trimester: This period is known as the “honeymoon” of pregnancy. Now the mother and her body have adapted to the pregnancy. Since the baby is not much older and the troublesome process seen in the first months disappears, the expectant mother becomes more connected to life, energetic, and active. Her appetite is whetted and her body relaxed. Her body and brain instruct the pregnant woman to eat as much as possible during this period and to replenish her food stocks to avoid the effects of a situation such as not being able to find food in the following months. This reflex has been developed in all mammals considering the natural conditions, and it is not acceptable today. If this situation is not restrained, problems such as excessive weight gain during pregnancy and diabetes during pregnancy, high blood pressure, premature birth, and difficult birth due to a large baby may occur. During this trimester, it is recommended that pregnant women gain a maximum of 1-1.5 kilos per month. In the fourth month of pregnancy, an expectant mother’s belly begins to grow slowly. At the end of the 6th month, the mother’s abdomen has become clearer.
Third trimester: Like the first 3 months of pregnancy, this period is one of the difficult periods. The uterus, in which the growing baby is located, compresses the surrounding organs such as the lungs, heart, stomach, and intestines, preventing them from performing their functions fully. Due to the pressure on the lungs and heart, complaints such as fatigue, breathlessness, and palpitations occur. Pressure on the stomach causes reflux, which is defined as the ingestion of swallowed food into the esophagus. Severe burning in the middle of the chest and sometimes an unbearable pain is a symptom of this. Fortunately, this can be prevented with simple treatment and a diet that protects the stomach and esophagus from such effects and does not cause any harm to the baby.
Since the growing abdomen also changes the center of gravity of the woman, it becomes difficult to stand and walk. To maintain balance, the expectant mother pulls her belly forward and throws her shoulders back. This, in turn, causes a deformation in the spine and waist, sometimes causing severe back and waist pain. Increasing body weight also strains the skeleton and musculature. Joint and muscle pains are common in this process. Sleeping has also become difficult now. Lying on your back has become almost impossible due to the pressure that the uterus will put on the main arteries and veins.
It is not possible to lie face down anyway. Therefore, pregnant women are recommended to lie on their side (especially on the left side), which is sometimes very difficult. Frequent urge to go to the toilet occurs due to the pressure exerted by the incoming part of the baby (usually the head) on the bladder. This causes the expectant mother to go to the toilet several times each night, causing sleepiness. The front junction of the pelvis bones slightly diverges from each other to give way to the child to be born, however, this situation sometimes causes intense pain in some pregnant women and can make it very difficult to stand and walk.
The sore can sometimes be painful for the mother, especially the uterine contractions that often occur in response to these kicks. With the approach of birth, the anxiety, which naturally appears, sprinkles salt and pepper on all this. The birthing process and pain are a nightmare for many women, whether they have experienced this before or not. However, this event can be easily overcome with modern methods such as epidural analgesia and anesthesia used today and the harmony of the mother and the physician. Unfortunately, the comments of the people around the expectant mother such as colleagues, spouse, and friends sometimes increase and reinforce this anxiety.
Moment of birth: The occasional contractions that occur before and become more painful with this, the bleeding that occurs as a result of the rupture of the water sac surrounding the baby or the opening of the cervix is considered as a sign of birth. When one or more of these conditions are encountered, it is necessary to apply to the health institution where pregnancy is followed. After the necessary examination, your physician will inform you about how the process will develop. Although it may take as long as 18 hours from the onset of pain in a patient experiencing his first pregnancy until birth, this process may progress much faster in some patients.
In cases where there is no obstacle to vaginal birth, your doctor will follow the progress of the birth in your bed and take you to the delivery room when the necessary conditions occur. Here, it is recommended that you listen to what your doctor says, push your baby with all your might with the contractions and rest breathing in and out for the birth to be completed as soon as possible. When this process is successfully completed, you will feel relaxed with one last strain and you will hear your baby cry. Your baby will be delivered to the baby team waiting for him by your doctor, then the placenta, known as the baby’s wife, will be expected to come out, and finally, if any, the incision made to facilitate the birth or the small tears that appear at the time of birth will be stitched. After these are completed, you will be taken to your room.
We wish you to raise your baby healthy and with parents …