Skin spot is the term used for any marks on the skin. There are many different types of skin spots. Most skin spots are harmless, but some people may want to treat them for cosmetic reasons. Some skin spots can also be a harbinger of another disease that requires immediate medical treatment, such as skin cancer. In this article, we’ll summarize the different types of skin blemishes and treatment options available.
What are the types of skin spots?
There are many different types of skin blemishes. Common examples of these are given below:
Acne is a problem that occurs when the body produces too much oil in the skin area. Various factors can cause excessive oil production in the skin. For example:
- Overactive sebaceous glands.
- Hormonal changes during puberty, menstruation, or menopause.
- Stress, anxiety or depression, can also affect hormones.
Several different types of acne vary in their appearance. Some examples are listed below:
Blackheads: Blackheads are small, dark spots on the surface of the skin. They look like dirt trapped in pores but consist of oil trapped inside the pore. This oil darkens when it reacts with air.
White spots: They are small, round spots that are white or tan colored. They develop as a result of oil and dead skin cells that clog pores.
Blisters: Papules are small, hard, red bumps on the skin. These; develop when excess oil, bacteria, and dead skin cells go deep into the skin, causing inflammation. Multiple blisters combined can give the skin a rough, sandpaper-like appearance.
Pimples: Red spots with yellow or white pus. They occur when oil, bacteria, and dead skin cells collect under the skin or cause an infection.
Nodules: Nodules are patches of skin that can form and grow when the pores on the skin become blocked. The accumulated oils mix with dead skin cells and bacteria, then get trapped in the deep skin. Excess oil and bacteria can cause infection and inflammation inside the skin.
These types of skin spots can also cause acne scars.
Acne cysts: A break in the lining of a pore can cause oil and bacteria to spread to the surrounding skin. An acne cyst is a membrane that forms around the infected area.
Cysts appear as large, swollen, red patches. They can be very painful when touched. Similar to nodules, cysts can also create permanent acne scars.
Hyperpigmentation spots are a type of spot that appears darker than other areas on the skin. It is generally harmless. Hyperpigmentation can occur as a result of genetic factors, sun damage, or acne scarring.
Freckles on the skin are a type of hyperpigmentation. They are small, flat spots that can be red, brown, tan, or black. They can be seen anywhere on the body.
Sunspots or “age spots” are another type of hyperpigmentation. These small spots can develop on areas of the skin that are exposed to the sun too much.
Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation that can occur during pregnancy or when a person takes birth control pills.
The hormonal changes that occur cause an increase in melanin. Melanin is the pigment that gives color to the skin. Overproduction of melanin can darken the skin.
Sometimes the hairs can curl spontaneously and grow into the skin. This can cause red, itchy bumps to form. Doctors call these skin patches ingrown hairs.
Hair removal techniques such as waxing, shaving, or plucking can all cause ingrown hairs.
Birthmarks are spots that appear on the skin of a newborn baby. They can occur at birth or shortly after. While some birthmarks fade over time, some may be permanent.
Experts still haven’t been able to determine what causes birthmarks to occur. In addition, these skin patches can develop in some cases as a result of:
- If the blood vessels are not formed properly,
- If skin pigment cells are sticking together, forming darker skin spots or spots,
- If there is a condition of excessive growth of the skin that creates high spots on thickened skin.
A birthmark will look different from the skin that surrounds it. The size and appearance of these skin spot types can vary greatly. These spots can be as follows:
- Straight or raised,
- It looks like a bruise or stain,
- In any color including pink, red, brown, or tan.
Birthmarks are usually harmless, but these spots that appear on the baby’s skin may indicate another underlying disease or condition. To be sure of this, it is useful to see these spots by a dermatologist.
Some harmless birthmarks can also grow rapidly, which can be alarming. Talking to a dermatologist can help learn about the causes and treatment of birthmark growth.
Cold sores are painful, red, fluid-filled blisters that form on the lips or around the mouth. They occur as a result of infection with the herpes simplex virus.
These wounds are highly contagious. For this reason, people should avoid close contact with others until the wounds have healed to prevent the virus from passing on.
Some types of spots can be a sign of skin cancer. Being aware of the symptoms to watch out for can help people detect skin cancer early.
Some potential symptoms of skin cancer include:
- A rapidly growing new stain or mark
- A spot or mark of skin that bleeds or itches
- A spot that changes in shape, size, or color
- An asymmetrical or jagged spot with uneven edges
- A skin spot larger than 6 millimeters
If a person develops a new or unusual skin spot with any of the above characteristics, they should see a doctor.
How about skin spot treatments?
People can treat acne blemishes with topical creams such as benzoyl peroxide. These products can help dry the skin and get rid of acne-causing bacteria.
Washing the face area twice a day with a cleanser containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid can help treat some types of acne. Additionally, medications called retinoids can clog pores. Before starting treatment, individuals should discuss possible side effects with their dermatologist.
Also, certain diet and lifestyle changes can help reduce stress levels and balance hormones.
HYPERPIGMENTATION AND MELASMA TREATMENT
The following treatments can help reduce hyperpigmentation and melasma:
- Over-the-counter or prescription medicine containing hydroquinone that works by lightening dark spots on the skin
- Prescription cortisone or tretinoin cream
- Laser therapy
HAIR ROTATION TREATMENT
Here are some tips for preventing ingrown hairs:
- Shaving only in the direction of hair growth
- Using shaving gel
- Using only clean, sharp shavers
For existing ingrown hairs, an exfoliating brush can help release stuck hair from under the skin.
BIRTH SPOT TREATMENT
To treat a birthmark, the following options may be considered:
- Laser therapy
- Medicines that can reduce some birthmarks such as propranolol, timolol, or corticosteroids
- Surgery to remove a potentially harmful birthmark
TREATMENT OF CHILDREN
Cold sores will clear up on their own within 2 weeks. A dermatologist may also prescribe an oral or topical antiviral medication to treat cold sores.
SKIN CANCER TREATMENT
Skin cancer can easily be cured if a person starts treatment in the early stages of the disease. The treatment a person receives will vary depending on the type of skin cancer. Some possible treatment options include:
- Surgical removal of cancerous cells
- Topical medicine to kill cancer cells
- Radiation therapy
Do not neglect to have regular checks for your health.
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