Teething in babies is a highly anticipated and often difficult process. Primary teeth or primary teeth are teeth that are present in the jaw structure at birth and usually begin to appear between the 6th month and the 1st year. In many children, deciduous teeth consisting of 20 pieces are completed at the age of 3 and serve until the age of 6-7. When the teething period starts in babies, it is a process that varies widely and is a matter of curiosity for many parents. While some babies may be born with one or more of their teeth removed, some babies may not have teeth even on their first birthday. For this reason, parents should be aware of the fact that each baby is in a specific development process, instead of being worried about the information and observations they receive from other parents around them, and should only consult with their physicians on issues that concern them.
When is the teething period in babies?
The period of exploring the world by mouth starts from the 3rd month on average in babies. As of this month, behaviors such as putting hands in his mouth, increasing saliva secretion, and trying to bring objects to his mouth increase significantly. These behaviors are associated with teething by many parents, and concerns are raised that teeth will come out earlier than they should. Most of the time, these movements are part of the baby’s developmental period and are not related to teething. The first teeth usually come out around the 6th month. However, it should be known that teeth may come out at any time in the first year, and teeth that come out earlier or later than 6 months do not mean a developmental disorder. Typically, the first teeth that appear in most babies are the lower anterior incisors. After that, other teeth start to come out gradually, and the molars come out last. When the child reaches the age of 3, all milk teeth come out and there are a total of 20 milk teeth in the mouth. If it is necessary to make a generalization, it can be said that 4 new milk teeth appear every 6 months from the 6th month. Looking at the averages, it is seen that female babies start teething a little earlier than male babies. With the child’s age of 4, the jaw and facial bones begin to grow and gaps occur between the milk teeth. This is an excellent natural growth process that provides the necessary space for larger permanent teeth to emerge. Between the ages of 6 and 12, a mixture of both primary teeth and permanent teeth is found in the mouth.
What are the symptoms of teething in babies?
Teething symptoms in babies is one of the most curious issues by parents. As mentioned above, since it is confused with the mouth behaviors seen from the 3rd month, it is useful to have information about the symptoms. Although it can vary from baby to baby, the most common teething symptoms are:
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Increased salivary discharge
- Pain or itching in the ears
- Rashes around the mouth
- Slow weight gain or weight loss
Not all of the above symptoms can be seen in all babies. Seeing one or more of these together may indicate that your baby is in the teething stage.
The teething table in babies
Teething periods in babies are generally as follows:
- Upper Front Teeth: It erupts at the age of 6-8 months and sheds at the age of 6-7.
- Upper Side Teeth: It erupts at the age of 9-11 months and sheds at the age of 7-8.
- Upper Canines: It erupts at the age of 16-20 months and sheds at the age of 10-12.
- Upper Little Molars: It burst at the age of 12-16 months and shed at the age of 9-11.
- Upper Molar: It burst at the age of 20-30 months and shed at the age of 10-12.
- Lower Front Teeth: It erupts at the age of 5-7 months and sheds at the age of 6-7.
- Lower Side Teeth: It erupts at the age of 10-12 months and sheds at the age of 7-8.
- Lower Canines: It erupts at the age of 16-20 months and sheds at the age of 9-12.
- Lower Small Molar: It burst at the age of 12-16 months and shed at the age of 9-11.
- Lower Molar: It burst at the age of 20-30 months and shed at the age of 10-12.
What should be considered during the teething period in babies?
Teething is a common occurrence in infant development and is usually completed naturally without causing great distress or discomfort to the baby. However, some measures can be taken to alleviate problems such as fever and discomfort, and swelling in the area where the tooth will come out. After parents clean their hands very well, they can massage the baby’s gums with gentle movements. While this application helps the tooth to come out easier, it also reduces the discomfort in the gum. To reduce itching and discomfort in the teeth and to relieve pain, tooth scratching rings, a diaper removed from the freezer or soaked can be given. If possible, tooth scratching rings filled with liquid should not be preferred. The reason for this is that there is a risk of bursting the tooth scratching ring with the baby’s bite. All objects given to the baby to scratch his teeth must be of appropriate structure. It should not contain substances such as harmful chemicals or dyes. At the same time, it should not be at risk of splintering and choking the baby. A slight increase in body temperature (slight fever) is a normal situation in babies during the teething period. However, the probability of fever above 38 degrees is very low, and therefore a mild fever due to teething generally does not require any medical treatment. During this period, the fever of the baby should be constantly checked and a doctor should be consulted if it rises too high. If the cause of fever is the presence of any infection, then the treatment plan recommended by the physician should be followed. To relieve the baby and reduce the problems experienced during the teething period, applications such as teething tablets not prescribed by the physician, gels containing benzocaine and similar substances, and substances that numb the gums should be avoided.
How should dental care be done in babies?
Oral and dental care should be started with the eruption of the first tooth in the baby. Preventing decay by developing and caring for the milk teeth in a healthy way directly affects the health of permanent teeth that will grow in the future. With the onset of the eruption period from the 6th month, it should be ensured that there is sufficient fluoride in the baby’s diet. The most important source of fluoride in drinking water and the fluoride content of the water consumed must be known. Pediatricians and pedodontics should be consulted about whether the baby needs fluoride supplements. With the first tooth, teeth should be brushed twice a day with the help of toothbrushes specially produced for babies. Soft-bristled brushes should be used during this process, and harsh movements that may damage the gums should be avoided. Fluoride-containing toothpaste the size of a grain of rice can be used. After brushing, the baby’s mouth should be thoroughly rinsed with clean fingers. It is important to brush the teeth at night after the last food to be consumed to prevent bacterial growth in the mouth during the night. After your child is 3 years old, the size of the toothpaste should be increased to the size of a pea. It is beneficial to put the toothpaste on the brush by the parents until the age of 6 and brush the teeth until the age of 7-8 under parental supervision.
If your baby is in the teething period and you want to get help with issues such as sequence and symptoms in babies, you can apply to a health institution with your baby. With the examination to be done, you can get detailed information about whether your baby is in the teething period, whether he continues this period in a healthy way, and you can ensure that he healthily continues his development.