What are the symptoms of appendicitis? How is the treatment for appendicitis?
Appendicitis one of the areas in the human body that still retains its mystery, is located in the lower right part of the abdominal cavity. It is located in the area where the small intestine ends, the large intestine begins, and is known colloquially as the cecum. Appendicitis, which is a worm-shaped intestinal extension, is approximately 10 centimeters in length, although it has different lengths in each person. The organ, whose inner part is in the form of a very narrow tube called the lumen, is longer in children. With age, the lumen closes from the tip to the base. You are the appendix, which is considered to be part of the gastrointestinal tract; There are opinions that it is part of the lymphatic, endocrine, or exocrine systems. Since it is a closed-end environment, it is very easy for microorganisms to breed in this area.
What is appendicitis?
The appendix can be compared to the tonsils, although its role in the body has not been determined yet. The mouth, which is the starting point of the digestive system, is the area where microbes are most concentrated. Tonsils act as a guard that warns the body against microbes in the mouth. The large intestine is also a very rich organ in terms of microbes. Just like the tonsils, the appendix stimulates the body against microbes in the large intestine. As a result of the inflammation that occurs in the appendix section, a condition called appendicitis occurs. Appendicitis manifested by severe pain is a serious infection that must be treated. If the abscess in the inflamed area mixes with blood, a life-threatening picture is encountered in the body. It is very important to remove the bacterial appendix without bursting.
What are the symptoms of appendicitis?
Any obstruction in appendicitis causes bacteria to proliferate in the organ. Due to the blockage, pressure increases, and blood vessels are compressed. The constricted veins can interfere with blood flow, causing gangrene. If the appendix ruptures due to gangrene, stool from the large intestine can fill the abdominal area. If the infected appendix leaks, it forms an abscess. Common symptoms of appendicitis:
- Sensitivity when pressed by hand in the lower right part of the abdomen, sharp pain that is felt like a knife stabbing and makes the person bent, the intensity of the pain increases over time
- Nausea and vomiting
- Dryness of mouth and tongue, loss of appetite
- Dull pain around the navel
- Indigestion, constipation, or diarrhea
- High fever
- Rapid heartbeat
- Inability to pass gas, a feeling of difficulty, and pain in the stool
- Appendicitis pain in pregnant women is seen in the side or back region. Appendicitis can be difficult to diagnose in pregnant women as symptoms of appendicitis, such as nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite, are normal symptoms of pregnancy.
What are the causes of appendicitis?
- Food residues such as pomegranate seeds and lemon seeds, which are not fully digested in the stomach, escape into the appendix while passing from the small intestine to the large intestine.
- Swelling of the lymph nodes in the mouth of the appendix due to inflammation of the digestive system and blockage of the appendix as a result of strokes taken to the abdomen
- Chrons, Ulcer, and ulcerative colitis disease
- Intestinal worms, worms, and parasites
- Genetic predisposition
- Bacterial infections, intestinal infections
- Viruses, fungi, and other microorganisms can also damage the appendix tissue and cause inflammation.
How is the treatment for appendicitis?
A physical examination is performed by a doctor to diagnose appendicitis. If there is tenderness and pain in the abdominal area, a blood count test may be requested for information on whether there is a bacterial infection. There is no definitive blood test that can directly detect the diagnosis of appendicitis. The treatment of the disease can vary from person to person, but it is usually treated with surgery. The type of surgery varies according to the patient’s condition. If the abscess in the appendix area has not ruptured or ruptured, antibiotic treatment is primarily applied by the doctor. Then, the abscess in the organ is drained with the help of a tube passed through the skin, and the appendix can be removed after this procedure if necessary. If there is a rupture or leakage of the appendix, surgery should be performed immediately. Removal of the appendix called an appendectomy can be in the form of open surgery or laparoscopic surgery. In very rare cases, appendicitis can heal without surgery.
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