What are the symptoms of a cold?

By | 26 April 2021

What are the symptoms of a cold?

Cold; It is a situation that we frequently encounter in daily life and has happened to almost everyone. The condition is known as a cold actually signals a viral infection.

What is a cold?

Cold is a virus-induced disease both in the case of upper respiratory tract infection and in the case of intestinal infection.

Colds are also known as the common cold or flu. The phenomenon called cold is actually the infection of the upper respiratory tract with the virus. Many different types of viruses can cause a cold. Cold, also known as the cold, usually does not cause a serious problem and resolves spontaneously within a few days. While the risk of catching a cold is especially high for young children, adults can also catch cold several times a year.

Stomach cold
Commonly known as stomach cold, the ailment is a viral infection of the intestines. Persons infection; It can be caused by consuming food contaminated with the virus, close contact with people who have the infection.

What are the symptoms of a cold?

Symptoms caused by a cold are usually mild and do not cause any serious problems.

Common cold symptoms appear 1-3 days after the virus enters the body. Common symptoms:

  • Stuffy or runny nose
  • Throat ache
  • Cough
  • General body pain, headache
  • Sneeze
  • Light fever

It can be counted as feeling dissatisfied and sluggish.
The number, severity, and duration of the signs and symptoms seen in the patient; may differ from person to person. In the case of a cold, there is usually no need to consult a doctor, the disease resolves spontaneously within a few days. However, adult patients; In the presence of symptoms such as body temperature of 38.5 and above, fever lasting longer than 5 days, shortness of breath, wheezing, and breathing, should apply to the nearest health center without wasting time.

In children; A doctor should be consulted immediately in cases of persistent rise in fever or high fever for more than 2 days, severe symptoms such as headache and cough, presence of earache, drowsiness, severe weakness, and malnutrition.

Symptoms of stomach cold
Symptoms of a cold stomach occur 1-3 days after the virus is ingested. Symptoms usually improve within a few days, while recovery may take up to 10 days in some people. Some people have mild symptoms, while others may have severe symptoms. Common symptoms of stomach cold:

  • Watery diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain, abdominal cramps
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Generalized muscle pain, headache
  • Light fever

Symptoms of a cold stomach are similar to those caused by a bacterial or parasite infection in the intestines. Therefore, when the symptoms become severe, it will be beneficial to consult a doctor and have the necessary controls done.

Adults; In cases such as vomiting that continues for more than 2 days, blood vomiting, fluid loss in the body, blood in the stool (feces), fever of 40 ℃ and above, the nearest health center should be applied.

In children and babies; In cases such as fever of 39 ℃ and above, restlessness or sleepiness, bloody diarrhea, excessive fluid loss, and severe pain, it is necessary to consult a doctor urgently.

What causes a cold?

A cold occurs as a result of a virus infection.

The common cold can be caused by many different types of viruses. Among the viruses that cause the common cold, rhinoviruses are the most common. Virus into the body; It can enter through the eyes, mouth, or nose. virus-laden droplets are scattered around when a sick person sneezes, coughs, or speaks. Healthy people can get sick by inhaling these droplets. Again, close contact with the person who has the disease, and the use of common items can cause the disease to spread.

Stomach cold
The most common viruses that cause stomach cold; norovirus and rotavirus. Norovirus infection usually occurs through the consumption of food contaminated with the virus. Rotavirus is the most common viral intestinal infection agent in children worldwide. Behaviors such as sharing infected toys, children holding their hands to their mouths after touching objects in the environment; plays an important role in the spread of the virus. Vaccination can be given to prevent rotavirus infection. Families who want to have their babies vaccinated should consult a doctor when the baby is 2 or 3 months old for the ideal vaccination.

What is good for a cold?

Both the common cold and stomach cold occur as a result of a viral infection. Therefore, the use of antibiotics does not provide benefits for both diseases.


There is a special treatment for the common cold. Patients can use simple pain relievers in case of severe pain. Especially in young children, the use of nasal sprays and cough syrups is not recommended. Some applications can be done at home to get over the common cold more quickly and more comfortably. Recommendations patients can follow:

You should consume plenty of fluids: Water, echinacea, and other herbal teas, natural fruit juices should be preferred for fluid consumption. Caffeinated beverages can lead to more water loss from the body.
Must Drink Soup: Soups such as chicken and trotter soup can be beneficial in terms of recovery of the body and relief of nasal congestion.
Rest: It is beneficial for the patient to have home rest in cases such as dizziness and drowsiness of drugs used for high fever, severe cough, and cold. Also, the sick person does not go to work or school; prevents the virus from infecting other people.
Gargle: Gargle with salt water; It can reduce sore throat and relieve a tingling sensation.

What is good for stomach cold?

There is no specific treatment for stomach colds. The infection is expected to cease spontaneously within a few days. Some applications can be made to pass this process more comfortably and to prevent excessive fluid loss (dehydration) that may occur in the body due to diarrhea. These applications are:

Eating should be interrupted: The consumption of solid foods should be suspended for a few hours after the symptoms begin to appear.
Drink plenty of fluids: Drinks such as water, soda, natural fruit juice can be consumed to replace the excess fluid lost by the body.
Easily digestible foods should be eaten: Patients should prefer foods that do not strain the stomach and are easy to eat and digest. Foods such as salty crackers, bananas, soups can be a good alternative. Patients should avoid dairy products, caffeinated beverages, alcohol, and fatty foods until they are fully recovered.
Rest: Disease and dehydration caused by diarrhea may cause the patient to feel tired and weak. Getting plenty of rest helps the body to recover.

Children with a cold may consume pureed foods during the recovery period. Fat-free, non-seasoned foods should be preferred for nutrition. Sugary foods such as ice cream, candy, chocolate should not be given to children as they may worsen diarrhea. Anti-diarrhea medications can delay the elimination of the virus that causes the disease from the body. Therefore, anti-diarrhea medication should not be given to children unless prescribed by a doctor.

General hygiene rules should be observed to prevent cold. Both the common cold and stomach fever are caused by a virus infection. To prevent the virus from entering the body; Behaviors such as washing hands frequently, not being in close contact with sick people and not using common items, washing with plenty of water before consuming food, being careful in the consumption of unpackaged foods should be made into a habit.

A cold is an illness that usually resolves without the need for treatment. However, in the presence of severe symptoms, consulting a doctor and getting the necessary treatment can prevent serious conditions related to the disease. We wish you healthy days.


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