For pregnancy, where sexual intercourse at the appropriate time is indispensable, the person must first know his own body, know how reproduction occurs and follow the menstrual cycle. Use of birth control drugs, stress, smoking, alcohol use and many diseases that affect fertility can prevent pregnancy. Also, problems related to men can prevent pregnancy. While young women who have regular, unprotected sexual intercourse have a 20% chance of conceiving, this rate is lower for women over the age of 35. The age of the man also plays a role in the formation of pregnancy. In men over the age of 40, the chance of pregnancy decreases by about 25% as sperm count and motility decrease. The chance of pregnancy decreases by 50% when women over the age of 35 and men over the age of 40 want a child together. The fact that couples cannot achieve pregnancy despite having unprotected and regular sexual intercourse for a year may indicate possible health problems. In this case, both women and men should consult a doctor and investigate why pregnancy cannot be achieved naturally. However, before moving on to all these, it is necessary to understand how pregnancy occurs and the importance of menstrual order.
How to Get Pregnant?
Many factors play a role in the formation of a pregnancy that lasts for about 40 weeks. One of them is having unprotected sexual intercourse at the right time. Things are a little more complicated in female physiology, although males are always ready to reproduce. Although the menstrual period in women indicates that the reproductive period continues, the chance of conception decreases as the age progresses in women who are born with a certain number of eggs and continue their life with this reserve. Menstrual or menstrual bleeding occurs in cycles every month, while the female body constantly renews itself against a possible pregnancy. First of all, to ensure pregnancy, the woman should have a period every 21 to 35 days or, in other words, once every 28 days on average. Although this time period differs in every woman, it is important for people who want to conceive to follow the menstrual cycle, also defined as the menstrual cycle, on the calendar. For a healthy menstrual cycle, four separate systems consisting of the vagina, uterus, ovaries, and brain must work in harmony with each other in women’s physiology. The menstrual cycle begins in the brain. The hypothalamus in the brain stimulates the pituitary gland, which is also an endocrine gland in the brain. The pituitary gland secretes the hormones LH (luteinizing hormone) and FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone). These hormones that get into the bloodstream reach the ovaries. The egg follicles in the ovaries are stimulated and thus some of the eggs in the ovarian reserve enter the maturation process. When the eggs mature, they crack the follicles or sacs they contain. The egg is deposited in the fallopian tubes, which are tubular between the uterus and the ovary. Meanwhile, the egg follicle begins to release estrogen hormone. As the egg gradually moves from the fallopian tubes to the uterus, the estrogen secreted by the follicle causes the uterine wall (endometrium) to thicken. This thickening ensures that the embryo that will form when the egg is fertilized, clings to the uterus. The estrogen hormone allows the male reproductive cell sperm to quickly swim up the uterus into the fallopian tubes after entering the vagina and live in the fallopian tubes for a long time. The egg, which is ripe and ready to be fertilized, is thrown into the fallopian tubes and can only survive for 24 hours. If the male reproductive cell is sperm, it can remain alive in the female body for approximately 4-5 days. Therefore, fertilization may occur thanks to sexual intercourse before the day of ovulation. The woman needs to know the time of ovulation for pregnancy to occur. The day a woman who menstruates every 28 days usually ovulates on the 14th day. However, ovulation can also occur between 12 and 18 days. In women who have menstruation every 35 days, ovulation occurs between the 19th and 25th days. The LH hormone released from the pituitary gland rises after the egg matures until it descends down the fallopian tubes. Under normal circumstances, ovulation occurs approximately 24 to 36 hours after the LH hormone reaches its peak. Regular sexual intercourse by those who want to become pregnant increases the chance of pregnancy. Therefore, it is important to follow the menstrual period by marking it on the calendar. Ovulation tests, which measure the level of LH hormone sold in pharmacies, can help to understand the ovulation period.
How to Get Pregnant
In a month, only 20 out of every 100 couples who want to have children achieve success. 95% of those who want to have a child for 2 years can achieve pregnancy. To ensure pregnancy, it is important for the woman to know the time of ovulation and therefore follow the menstrual cycle. Also, it is recommended to go to a doctor’s control to detect and treat conditions such as thyroid disease, polycystic ovary syndrome, diabetes, endometriosis that may prevent pregnancy. Being mentally and physically healthy is a must for pregnancy. Obesity and stress are major obstacles to pregnancy. Therefore, it is also important to get rid of excess weight, find ways to cope with stress, or remove stressful elements from life. It is not uncommon for those who cannot conceive despite having an IVF attempt, to become pregnant after giving up having a baby. Therefore, avoiding pregnancy stress during sexual intercourse and letting the event flow can also increase the chance of pregnancy. During sexual intercourse, lubricating creams, oils, and other cosmetics can damage sperm. It is important that people who want to have children stay away from these products. Regular exercise enables the person to reach the ideal body mass index and is effective in reducing the stress level. In addition to supplementing vitamins such as folic acid, calcium, and iron, a healthy and balanced diet is required. Smoking, alcohol, and caffeine use, which have stimulating effects, can prevent pregnancy. If men who want to become a father follow these recommendations, it increases the chance of pregnancy. Also, men wearing tight, thick underwear and washing with hot water are among the factors that prevent pregnancy.
Position of Being Pregnant
It is important for those who want to have children to choose a healthy life. The fact that both men and women are mentally and physically healthy, not having intercourse with pregnancy stress facilitates the formation of pregnancy. The woman needs to follow the menstrual cycle and ovulation period in terms of determining the best time for sexual intercourse. Although it is not important in what position the sexual intercourse is entered, lying on your back shortly after having intercourse can increase the chance of pregnancy. In some studies, it has been observed that putting a pillow under the waist area after sexual intercourse makes it easier for sperm to swim into the fallopian tubes. It is not recommended to have sexual intercourse every day during the month to ensure pregnancy, as it reduces the number and quality of sperm. Instead, couples should have regular sexual intercourse at regular intervals and not miss the ovulation period. Some medications used regularly can prevent pregnancy from occurring. People planning a pregnancy may need to change their medication or change their dose. Therefore, the issue of whether the drugs used have an effect on pregnancy should be consulted with the doctor. However, drug use should never be stopped without the opinion of a physician.
If pregnancy cannot be achieved despite regular and unprotected sexual intercourse for 1 year, a specialist physician should be consulted and necessary health screenings should be done. We wish you healthy days.