Parents should be careful against adenoid growth, which is common in children and can cause serious diseases such as permanent deformities in the face and jawbones, growth and development retardation, permanent hearing problems if left untreated.
The place called the nasopharynx (nasal passage) is a space where the posterior end of the anterior nostrils is opened and air passes during the delivery of the breath taken from the nose to the lungs. Tubes (eustachian) that provide pressure balance of the middle ear area are also opened into this space. There are many lymph cells (protective cells against microbes) under and within the tissue covering this space. The cluster of normal-sized cells formed by these cells is called adenoid. Adenoid is present in every child from birth. In the case of growth, it starts to be a problem.
Especially after starting the nest, growth is observed with the increase in the frequency of infection. Also, causes such as allergy problems, smoking at home, untreated upper respiratory tract infections, genetic predisposition can cause adenoid enlargement. Growth is most frequently observed between the ages of 2-5.
Watch out if he sleeps with his mouth open!
Many findings develop depending on the size of the nasal flesh and independent of its size. To list them,
– Nasal congestion and runny nose that continues when there is no illness
– Always open your mouth
Snoring during sleep, sleeping with an open mouth, and breathing pauses
– It is a focus that allows microbes to cluster, and frequent colds and flu
– Fluid accumulation and hearing loss as a result of impaired ventilation of the middle ear
Structural disorders in facial bones and teeth
Growth and developmental delay
– Sleep disorders
Nasal spray in the first place
In children with symptoms, it can be viewed through the nose with illuminated cameras (endoscope) as the first option. If it cannot be done with this method, it can be seen clearly with a direct graph. Studies have shown that cortisone nasal sprays can reduce nasal passage by 20-30%. It is used in children who are not completely occlusive but whose complaints have started.
Surgery against recurrent complaints
Surgery should be performed in cases where there is no benefit as a result of the sprays or it is seen that the complaints start in a short time. The surgery takes approximately 3-5 minutes under general anesthesia. The procedure is done inside the mouth, there is no incision on the face or neck. Postoperative pain is not expected. It is recommended to consume soft foods for 3 days. It is okay for children with nasal surgery to start school after resting for 1-3 days. It may even be suggested to continue school the next day. Although it is very rare after the operation, bleeding in the early period of re-growth can be seen in the later periods, but these risks are very low.
The nasal flesh problem is a very common condition, but it has problems with the correct orientation. Therefore, in cases where surgery is required, if delays occur, it is very likely to encounter serious problems such as permanent deformities in the facial and jawbones, growth and development retardation, permanent hearing problems.