Unavoidable Gastritis May Herald Cancer

By | 10 March 2021

Unavoidable Gastritis May Herald Cancer

In daily life, complaints such as heartburn, rancidity, bloating, bitter water in the mouth may be related to the foods consumed. These complaints may also be due to reflux, gastritis, or an ulcer. Stomach ulcers can be benign or cancer. Also, genetic and environmental factors, unhealthy diet, and improper lifestyle increase the risk of stomach cancer.

Unavoidable Gastritis May Herald Cancer which is popularly known as stomach inflammation can affect people of all ages. Gastritis manifests itself as burning, pain, and swelling in the stomach. Among the most common causes of gastritis, helicobacter pylori, smoking, alcohol consumption, common rheumatic painkillers can also prepare the ground for gastritis. Gastritis, which response rapidly to treatment with diagnosis, can result in serious pictures such as cancer when neglected. Stomach cancer is the second cause of cancer-related death in the world and the fourth in terms of prevalence.

Unavoidable Gastritis Many factors  predispose may stomach herald cancer

Poor diet from vegetables and fruits, high salt, smoked and waiting foods containing high amounts of nitrate can prepare the ground for stomach cancer. Stomach irritations due to alcohol and smoking also strengthen this possibility. Helicobacter pylori increase stomach cancer 3 – 6 times. Helicobacter pylori, which are not a single cause of cancer, can cause cancer to progress by causing intestinal metaplasia and atrophic gastritis. The health problem is known as the inability of the stomach to produce acid, atrophic gastritis, and pernicious anemia due to the body’s inadequate vitamin B12 are also considered among the factors that predispose to stomach cancer. Also, nitrosamine (carcinogenic substances formed by the chemical combination of nitrites and amines) and bile acids facilitate the course of cancer. Barret esophagus (replacement of normal mucosa in the lower part of the esophagus with atypical gastrointestinal mucosa after reflux), stomach polyps, genetic abnormalities, and family cancer prevalence are also other gastric cancer factors. Gastric cancer, which generally increases in individuals aged 50 to 60, can also be seen in young people.

Watch out for these symptoms!

It is a disease that progresses insidiously without any symptoms and can only be noticed in later periods. Cancers in the entry and exit areas show early symptoms, and cancers in the body of the stomach show late symptoms. Stomach pain, early satiety, bloating, nausea, vomiting, weakening, mouth or rectal bleeding, persistent vomiting if the gastric outlet is obstructed, anemia, and enlarged lymph nodes may manifest themselves. Also, B12 deficiency may occur with laboratory tests such as impaired liver tests and low albumin. Therefore, even ordinary stomach complaints should be taken seriously and internal medicine or gastroenterologist should be consulted. The endoscopic examination will support the diagnosis.

Gastroscopy should not be neglected

If you experience persistent stomach pains, bleeding, persistent nausea and vomiting, weight loss, anemia, and abdominal pain, gastroscopy should be performed.

What are the treatment options for stomach cancer?

Endoscopic resection

Cancerous or abnormalities (lesions) in the digestive tract can be removed by endoscopic mucosal resection. This method can be applied to stomach cancer cases diagnosed at an early stage after endoscopic ultrasonography.

Surgical Operations

Surgical operations are the most preferred treatment method in stomach cancer. With this method called gastrectomy, the stomach is partially or completely removed. With this method, some tissues around the stomach can also be removed. In the treatment, a change can be made between the surgical method and chemotherapy according to the stage of the tumor.

Chemotherapy

Another treatment method for stomach cancer is chemotherapy. Chemotherapy can be explained as killing cancer cells with drug use. The drugs given in chemotherapy, which is a systemic treatment method, are released into the body through the blood. If cancer has not spread excessively, clearing cancer and removing part of the stomach may be recommended along with chemotherapy.

Stomach cancer risk can be reduced

Since the exact cause of stomach cancer is unknown, there is no sure way to prevent the disease. However, a few changes you can make in your daily life will help you reduce your cancer risk.

  • No smoking,
  • Frying oils should be used more than once,
  • Helicobacter eradication treatment should not be neglected,
  • Salt use should be restricted,
  • Packaged and smoked foods should be avoided,
  • It should be fed with fresh vegetables and fruits,
  • Processed meat (sausage, soudjouk, etc.) products should not be consumed.
  • Whether there is a family history of stomach cancer should be investigated.