How to Overcome Common Pregnancy Discomfort
How to overcome common ailments during pregnancy
Pregnancy lasts 280 days or 10 months or 40 weeks from the first day of pregnancy. Anatomical, physiological, and biochemical changes occurring during pregnancy are evident. System changes occur in the endocrine, reproductive, musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, hematological, respiratory, urinary system, and skin. After birth, there is a return to the mother’s previous anatomical and physiological condition. These changes cause some complaints during pregnancy discomfort. We have explained how you can deal with some of them.
Morning sickness and vomiting
Although nausea is more common in the mornings and early stages of pregnancy discomfort, it can occur at any time of the day or during any period of pregnancy. It usually begins around the sixth week of pregnancy and ends around the 14th to 16th week. Although the cause is unknown, it is associated with changes in hormone levels during pregnancy. Helpful suggestions:
• Eat meals and light foods little and often; having an empty stomach and feeling hungry increases nausea
• Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration; try concentrated fruit juice (cordial), fruit and vegetable juices, soups, popsicles or jelly, lemonade, plain soda, soda, or mineral waters
• Avoid substances and behaviors that stimulate nausea, such as smells of food with plenty of spicy or oily and heavy food, coffee, tea, alcohol, or smoking
Sudden behavior such as getting up quickly from bed or rushing to take a shower can also make you sick.
• Get plenty of rest as nausea may be worse if you are tired. If you do not get any positive results from any of them, if you feel exhausted or vomit and lose weight, talk to your doctor or midwife. Some medicines can control morning sickness and can be used safely during pregnancy discomfort.
Constipation during pregnancy discomfort
Some women may experience constipation because pregnancy hormones slow down the work of the intestinal muscles. Here are some suggestions that can help:
• Make sure your diet includes plenty of foods, eg; such as fresh fruits and vegetables, whole wheat bread and breakfast cereal, dried fruits, nuts, and legumes such as peanuts
• Take additional fiber such as psyllium
• Drink lots of water and liquids
• Exercise regularly. Do not take laxatives without talking to your doctor or midwife. Constipation can sometimes be caused by taking iron tablets – discuss with your doctor about replacing them with another type.
Severe cravings for certain foods
Some women may experience severe cravings for certain foods during their pregnancy. We don’t really understand why this is, but, interestingly, most of the foods we need are strongly asked, such as milk (we need more calcium during pregnancy) or tomatoes and oranges (vitamin C requirements during pregnancy doubles). Some women have a strong desire for inedible materials such as chalk (limestone) or clay. Change in taste and aversion to food and beverages Occasionally, women may taste different foods and drinks, or they may ‘dislike’ certain foods such as tea, coffee, and meat. This situation often improves with the progression of the pregnancy period. Therefore, if you have had difficulty eating certain foods that are important to your diet, you may want to try these foods again later in your pregnancy.
Heartburn is caused to some extent by a change in hormones and then the pressure it puts on your stomach as the baby grows. Heartburn is perceived when a bitter-tasting liquid comes into your mouth with a burning sensation in your chest. Here are some suggestions that can help:
• Eat light foods more often and slowly
• Avoid fatty, fried, and spicy foods
• Sleep semi-upright and supported by plenty of pillows.
• Drink a glass of milk a while before eating
• Do not take any drinks with meals. If these measures don’t help, your doctor may prescribe an anti-acid medication.
Fatigue and difficulty sleeping
Most pregnant women have trouble sleeping later in pregnancy. During this period, sleep can easily be disturbed due to going to the toilet, heartburn, baby kicks, or discomfort while lying down. Some women may have disturbing dreams or nightmares in the past two months due to concerns about the upcoming birth and motherhood. Here are some suggestions that can be tried to ensure a good sleep:
• Lie on your side by placing a pillow under your stomach and between your knees.
• Rest during the day
• Do not take stimulants such as tea, coffee, and alcohol before bedtime
• Only go to bed when you are tired
Exercise such as walking in the afternoon or early evening
• Before going to bed, engage in relaxing activities such as bathing, listening to music, massage, or meditation.
These are swollen veins around the large intestine and anus that can cause itching, pain, or pain. Hemorrhoids can bleed a little and cause discomfort when going out on the toilet. These can be aroused by constipation and pressure from the baby’s head. Here are some suggestions that can help:
• Make sure your diet includes plenty of foods, for example; fruits and vegetables, such as wholemeal bread, and cereal
• Avoid standing for long periods of time
• Avoid straining when sitting on the toilet
• If bleeding and pain persists, talk to your midwife or doctor about using an appropriate ointment or til.
Vaginal fungus during pregnancy discomfort
Almost all women experience an increase in vaginal discharge during pregnancy. If this discharge smells bad, causes itching, or changes color, you may have a vaginal infection. The most common type of infection is a fungus. It is important to talk to your doctor so that treatment can begin.
Urinating frequently (feeling the need to urinate frequently)
Frequent urination in early pregnancy is associated with hormonal changes. However, in the later stages of pregnancy, this problem occurs due to the pressure of the baby’s growing body on the bladder. In the later period of pregnancy, you may have difficulty emptying your bladder completely. In the last few weeks of pregnancy, when you cough, sneeze or lift something, you may ‘leak’ some urine. You can talk to your doctor about pelvic floor exercises. Any pain or burning sensation while urinating may be linked to an infection. In this case, talk to your doctor.
During pregnancy, muscle cramps in the foot, leg, or thigh area, especially at night, are common. The cause of these cramps is not clearly known. Research results have shown that additional calcium intake has no effect on healing or relieving cramps. To relieve muscle spasms or cramps:
• If you massage the affected arm, leg, or muscle during the cramp, relief is often provided.
Swelling in ankles, feet, and fingers
This type of swelling will occur in 80% of pregnant women. There is too much fluid in your body tissue during pregnancy, and some of this fluid collects in your legs, especially towards the end of the pregnancy period. This fluid can cause swelling in your ankles and feet, especially if you stand for prolonged periods in hot weather. The swelling becomes more noticeable towards the end of the day and often subside at night while you sleep. Inform your doctor in the following situations:
• excessive bloating
• Not decreasing with rest
• Seeing swelling in other parts of your body as well. To reduce swelling:
• Avoid standing for long periods of time
• Rest often by raising your feet high
• Wear comfortable or loose shoes. Swelling can be a sign of high blood pressure or the onset of eclampsia (severe pregnancy toxicosis).
Backache during pregnancy discomfort
Many women experience back pain during some periods of their pregnancy. The reasons for this include changes in body posture as the baby grows, changes in hormones that cause relaxation in the ligaments, and more water retention in the tissues. Low back pain often contributes to sleeping difficulties at night, especially in late pregnancy. How can we reduce back pain:
• Avoid heavy lifting and household chores
Do not stand for long periods of time
• Rest often by raising your feet high
• Pay attention to your posture
• Use chairs that provide appropriate lumbar support for sitting.
Some women may experience fainting sensations. If you get up quickly from a chair or hot bath, or if you stand for long periods of time, you are likely to feel fainting. At the first sign of fainting, sit down or lie down. Lying on your back in the later period of pregnancy can create a feeling of fainting; In this case, turning to your side will relieve you. If you experience frequent dizziness or fainting, contact your doctor.
As your baby grows, your abdominal skin tightens and causes mild itching. This is common during pregnancy. However, considering that persistent scratching may be a sign of more serious problems, talk to your doctor. Your doctor will recommend treatment or further tests may be used to investigate the cause.
Depending on pregnancy hormones, the tone and color of your skin may change. With the increase of blood circulation around your body, even though your skin looks ‘bright’, red spots may occur, acne may increase and some parts of your skin may become dry and scales, and you can see pigmentations on your face getting deeper. In particular, changes in the porous areas of the body such as moles, freckles, and nipples (areola) appear in almost every woman. The color of your genitals, inner thighs, under your eyes, and armpits may darken. In some women, a dark line running down the stomach area may appear. This line is defined as linea nigra. The effect of sunlight is stronger on areas of porous skin, and most women find that their skin color tanned more easily when they are pregnant. Even after birth, deeply porous parts of the skin retain their dark color for a while, but this dark color gradually fades and disappears.
It is a special type of pore formation, also called a pregnancy mask. This type of pore formation is seen on the bridge of the nose, cheeks, and neck. Some women with dark skin may have pale skin patches on their face and neck. These spots gradually fade after the birth of the baby. You can use makeup to cover these blemishes.
Stress marks (also known as skin cracking)
Stretch marks occur on the skin of approximately 90% of women. Although these usually occur diagonally in the abdomen, they also affect the thighs, hips, breasts, and upper arms. The gradually gaining weight ensures that the skin is stretched without tearing. While red streaks are evident during pregnancy, after birth, they turn into a pale silver streak. The creams you put on your skin do not prevent these from occurring.