Pay attention to these 10 symptoms for your child’s heart health
Although heart disease is generally known as a disease of old age, it is seen in adolescents and children. While congenital heart diseases are at the forefront in newborn babies, infections and genetic diseases in older children can lead to heart diseases.
Heart disease can catch children at any age
With the advancement of age, acquired infections and genetic diseases can cause heart diseases. Good observation of the children by the parents and routine check-ups at regular intervals is vital in the early diagnosis of heart diseases.
Don’t miss these 10 symptoms
1 – Fast and difficult breathing: Fast breathing according to age without pneumonia or fever, nasal wing breathing, inward displacement of the ribs due to the use of auxiliary respiratory muscles are important indicators of a child’s heart health
Respiratory rate per minute;
- 60 in the newborn period
- 40 in infancy
- 30 in the older child
- If young people are over 20 and do not have fever or lung diseases, it may be necessary to apply to a pediatric cardiology doctor through a pediatrician.
2 – Bruising (Cyanosis): When children are excited, there may be bruising especially around the mouth and fingertips during cold or bathing. However, if the bruising is continuous in the tongue, oral mucosa and increases with exercise, it is important in terms of heart disease.
3 – Palpitation: The heartbeat is felt by the child too much and it causes discomfort. Palpitations can be a symptom of rhythm disorder, as well as in anemia, thyroid hormone irregularity, heart diseases, and infectious diseases. In persistent palpitations, it should be evaluated by a pediatric cardiologist.
4 – Heartbeat being too fast, too slow, or irregular: Heartbeats can be felt by parents because the chest wall in children is thin. The younger the age, the faster the heartbeats. Especially fast heartbeat during sleep can indicate heart disease or rhythm disturbance. At the same time, the heartbeat below 80 per minute in the neonatal period and 60 per minute in other age groups, and the irregularity of the beats must be evaluated.
5 – Heart murmur: A heart murmur can be heard in one of every 2 children in any period of the childhood age group. It may not be possible for parents to hear this murmur. During routine checks, hearing a different than normal sound in the heart should definitely be evaluated by a pediatric cardiologist. According to the echocardiography, there may be morphological disorders in the heart or associated vessels, or there may be no cause of the murmur. These murmurs are called innocent murmurs.
6 – Chest pain: The feeling of pain and tightness in the left part of the chest of the child can sometimes indicate serious diseases related to the heart. Ischemia in the heart vessels, fluid accumulation around the heart, valve problems that can cause chest pain, as well as simple diseases related to the ribs and chest wall, can cause the same complaint.
7 – Prolonged fever: Fever that lasts more than five days and does not respond to antibiotics may be related to Kawasaki disease, which is common in our country. Diagnosis of the disease is very important. Because it can affect the whole life by damaging the coronary vessels that feed the heart.
8 – Growth and development retardation, fatigue quickly, extreme weakness: Children with heart failure are pale, weak, and tired more quickly than their friends. Since they consume their energy needs by fighting heart failure, especially weight gain is lagging.
9 – Joint pain and swelling: Acute rheumatic fever, damaging the heart valves, may first manifest itself with joint pain and swelling. Acute rheumatic fever, affecting the heart valves, muscle, and outer membrane, is a life-affecting disorder.
10 – Big heart on chest X-ray, abnormalities in the formation and location of the heart and main vessels: Parents can’t know these symptoms. However, not disrupting the routine controls of children allows many heart diseases to occur at the beginning stage. Chest radiography disorders detected by a pediatrician or family physician must be evaluated with echocardiography.