Ovulation Period Calculation
It is extremely important to calculate the ovarian period for people who want to conceive. Thus, the person increases the chance of having a child by having sexual intercourse at the right time. However, the calculation of the ovulation period is not an appropriate method to prevent pregnancy. It would be a much better choice for couples who are not planning a pregnancy to use reliable birth control methods. There are different methods for calculating the ovulation period. One of these is ready-made kits that predict the ovulation period. In addition, by measuring basal body temperature, information about the ovulation day can be obtained. In the basal body temperature method, which can be defined as the body temperature measurement taken as soon as the morning gets up, the person should take a note by measuring the body temperature every morning between two menstrual periods. With the effect of the progesterone hormone, body temperature increases by 1 to 1.5 degrees Celsius after ovulation. In periods when there is no ovulation, the temperature remains in a fixed range. Body temperature usually rises one day after ovulation. Thanks to the basal body temperature chart obtained, the person can understand when he ovulates. In addition to these, the ovulation period can be calculated practically by following the menstrual cycle.
How are the menstrual cycle and the ovulation period calculation?
It is much easier to calculate the ovulation period for people with regular menstrual cycles. The first day of the last menstrual cycle is considered the beginning of a new menstrual cycle. The hypothalamus region in the brain stimulates the pituitary gland to activate the reproductive system. The pituitary gland, a gland, secretes the hormones FSH (Follicle Stimulating Hormone) and LH (Luteinizing Hormone). Thanks to FSH, which stimulates the egg follicles, some of the eggs in the ovarian reserve enter the maturation process. LH causes the maturing egg to crack. Thus, the egg is thrown into the fallopian tubes where fertilization will take place. In the ovulation period calculation, the number of days between the starting days of the two menstrual periods must first be determined. Menstrual bleeding, which occurs on average every 28 days, can occur every 21 to 35 days. In women who have menstruation every 28 days, ovulation occurs on the 14th day before the first day of the next menstrual period. In people who have menstruation every 30 days, the ovulation period falls on the 16th day. At this point, it is necessary to subtract 14 from the number between the two periods for correct calculation. In other words, the person who has menstruation every 35 days should calculate as 35-14 = 21. At this point, the person must have sexual intercourse on the 21st day to conceive. However, sexual intercourse can be entered before and after this day to ensure pregnancy. In other words, the female egg remains viable for 12 to 24 hours in the fallopian tubes. Sperm, which is a male reproductive cell, can remain alive in the female body for 4 to 5 days. Therefore, pregnancy can be achieved by sexual intercourse during the 5 days before the 21st day or for 24 hours after ovulation.
How should people with menstrual irregularities calculate?
Every woman in the reproductive period sees a period on average every 28 days. Bleeding that occurs less than 21 days and more than 35 days is considered as menstrual irregularity. In addition, the absence of a period for 3 or more periods, shorter or longer periods than usual is also considered as menstrual irregularity. This situation, which is mostly caused by hormonal irregularities, can be seen due to different conditions such as diabetes and depression, as well as formations such as ovarian cysts, fibroids, and polyps. People with menstrual irregularities can’t calculate the ovulation period using the menstrual period tracking method. The person with menstrual irregularity can learn about the ovulation period with the ovulation kits sold in pharmacies. However, it is recommended that the person should see a doctor investigate and treat menstrual irregularity.
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