1.What is orthodontics?
Orthodontics is a branch of science that treats the deterioration of the harmony of teeth and jaws concerning the face and each other and the perplexity of the teeth.
2.Why do orthodontic problems occur?
Although most orthodontic problems are hereditary, they may occur due to structural problems (adenoid and tonsil enlargement, etc.), various bad habits (sucking fingers or pacifiers, etc.), and loss of teeth and surrounding tissues.
3.What are the symptoms of orthodontic problems?
Orthodontic problems show symptoms with deformities in the face and teeth, loss of functions such as chewing and biting.
4.Orthodontic treatment timing in children
After the eruption of milk teeth in children is completed, it should be brought to the doctor’s control. Early interventions can be performed by following the growth and development in some cases where the jaws’ harmony is impaired.
5.The importance of orthodontic treatment at an early age
Early diagnosis is very important in treatments involving the jawbones, where growth and development are directed by various devices.
In cases of severe crowding, it is possible to facilitate orthodontic treatment by directing the eruption of milk teeth.
6.How long does orthodontic treatment take?
The variety of treatment to be performed and the patient’s compliance and cooperation with the devices that should be used greatly affect the duration of the treatment.
Active treatments last an average of 12 months if patients who are harmonious and cooperative do not have any problems with their jaws. The continuation must be a reinforcement period that will last at least as long as the active treatment period.
7.Living with braces
It is similar to using a new pair of glasses or shoes. Your first meeting is unproblematic, but it requires a familiarization process. In the first days, there will be minor ailments. There may be a response to the forces applied on the teeth in the form of pain, but this pain does not last more than 3-4 days and is a pain that responds to painkillers.
Although the existence of the devices is forgotten later, the first days may seem like a lot. Oral irritations may occur, of course, medical treatments and preventive drugs are available.
When there are orthodontic devices in the mouth, the list of prohibitions to be given by your doctor must be followed.
Otherwise, the deformations that occur in the devices may affect the processes in your treatment and cause prolongation of the treatment period.
It is very important because bruises and permanent stains occur in areas that are not brushed well. Serious diseases and gum enlargement are seen in the gums.
It is generally in 4-week periods, depending on the need, it can be between 2-6 weeks.
10.Getting used to orthodontic treatment
It takes an average of 1 week. Later, many patients say that they forget the existence of braces and get used to them.
11.Eating and drinking habits
It is indicated on the list provided by your doctor.
12.Pain and mobility in teeth (Shaking)
If there is no clinical or radiological problem, there may be pain and shaking in the teeth caused by orthodontic forces, the pain may not be continuous and may be periodic, these complaints are the result of a physiological process.
It is the most important factor affecting the success and duration of the treatment. Orthodontic treatments are treatments that require the participation of patients. As with all medical treatments, devices are used instead of drugs. Just as the prescription is not adhered to in medicated treatments, there will be no treatment, as in orthodontics, xreçete is the usage instruction your doctor told you, if it is not followed, it is not possible to expect 100% success.
14. 12 years and older orthodontics
Orthodontics can be performed at any age required, as long as no disease or cooperation problem may affect the treatment.
It is not correct to make a generalization, it cannot be said that the age is absolutely appropriate.
Orthodontic treatment can be performed at almost any age in adults, in cases such as jaw adaptation problem, dimension problem, jaw stenosis, finger sucking, as early as the age of 4-5, and in cases of crowding.
15.Treatment options and appliances used
The intraoral appliance is divided into two as fixed and mobile.
Extra-oral apparatus are devices such as chinrest face mask headgear.
16.What are the risks in Ortodontikx treatment?
If oral hygiene is not well maintained, bruises and permanent staining may occur, gum diseases may be seen, gum growths may occur.
Rarely, root melting and darkening of the tooth, which we call necrosis, can be seen due to the application of force in teeth with weak root structure. However, this is a very rare situation, these problems can be solved with root canal treatment and bleaching treatment.