MOST COMMON DISEASES IN BABIES
The most common and common diaper rash, constipation, jaundice, etc. diseases, and their treatment.
Immune systems get stronger in newborns in the first years. But they are most vulnerable to some diseases. As their immune systems get stronger, their illness complaints begin to decrease. In this article, let’s read the things that will help you learn about the most common diseases and treatments in babies.
MOST COMMON DISEASES IN BABIES We tried to list the most common diseases and complaints in babies.
If we say that it causes diaper rash in babies; Sweating, zinc deficiency, moisture, urine, irritation due to contact with poop and diaper contact areas. It is usually seen in the diaper area. It can also occur in the armpit, neck, chin, and back due to your baby’s sweating. So how do babies get diaper rash? It is useful to change the diaper frequently and keep the skin clean and dry. However, the most important thing is not to wear clothes that may cause rash due to rubbing on your baby’s skin, and more comfortable baby clothes should be worn. Using creams whose pH level is compatible with your baby’s sensitive skin can also help prevent diaper rash. Your baby is new to food. At this stage, some foods may cause allergic reactions in babies. If we talk about drinks and foods that cause diaper rash in babies,
- Cow milk,
- We recommend controlled consumption of foods such as kiwi.
Also, we recommend that our breastfeeding mothers avoid spicy and acidic foods whenever possible, as they can be transmitted to the baby through breast milk.
2- Scabbing of the Scalp
Scalp scab is a very common complaint in babies. Dry white or yellow scales form a crust on the scalp. It can be knitted in the form of a shell affecting a small area on the skull or it may appear as crusting in a larger area, sometimes it can spread to the eyebrows and eyelashes. This situation is called the host. Generally, using pH-adjusted baby shampoos reduces crusting. However, half an hour before washing the baby, you can rub the head with olive oil to soften the scales. Then, you can help the host to shed by combing its head with a soft-bristled brush.
Jaundice occurs in 60% of newborn babies and 80% of preterm babies. Jaundice is caused by the increase in the blood level of a substance called bilirubin, which gives the skin a yellow color and accumulates in the skin. Jaundice first starts on the face and spreads to the chest, abdomen, arms, and legs as the level of bilirubin increases in the blood. Early detection and follow-up of jaundice in newborn babies are very important. Although jaundice usually resolves on its own, it can cause brain damage that can reach high levels in some cases. For this reason, newborns with jaundice need to follow up with their doctor, especially in the first week.
4- Upper Respiratory Tract Infection
In babies, upper respiratory tract diseases are more common, especially from the sixth month. Contrary to what is generally thought, it is not possible to stay in the cold or to catch a cold. It is an infection that develops in the throat and nose and is an infectious disease that is caused by viruses. Some germs, viruses, and bacteria are among the causes. Symptoms include a runny nose, sneezing, nasal congestion, fever, weakness, loss of appetite, and a dry cough.
5- Eye Burr
If there is a burr or redness in the eyes 2 or 3 days after the birth of your baby, this is, unfortunately, a symptom of a microbial situation. In short, it may say reddening in the eyes and burring to the extent that they stick their eyelashes as symptoms of eye burr in babies. If your doctor has recommended an eye drop, the burrs should be removed before using the eye drops. Before doing this cleaning process, you should definitely clean your hands thoroughly. You can clean your baby’s eyes from inside to outside with sterile eye pads that are boiled and then soaked thoroughly with warm water to remove burrs.
Constipation is a very rare condition in breastfed babies. However, constipation is very common in babies who are fed alternative foods to breast milk. As the symptoms of constipation in babies, infrequent defecation, straining due to the hardness of the stool, cracks in the anus area or bloody stool due to this strain, abdominal pain, discomfort may be seen. The cause of constipation in babies may be a slow digestive system, various diseases, and insufficient consumption of fiber foods. It is very important to consult a doctor when you experience such symptoms.
One of the most common diseases in babies is diarrhea. It is mostly seen in babies between the ages of 6 months and 2 years. In newborns, the golden yellow color and 7-8 defecation times a day are considered normal due to breast milk. Observation is very important, as each baby’s bowel functions are different. If the baby’s stool is more watery and more frequent than normal, diarrhea can be mentioned. Fever, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, and weight loss are other symptoms of diarrhea. Stool that comes in the watery form once or twice is not very important. However, we strongly recommend that you consult a doctor if it brings fever, loss of appetite, and vomiting.