What are the causes and symptoms of the inability to smell? If you say why I can’t smell what you can do at home, we recommend you to read our article.
The causes and symptoms of the inability to smell Most of us take our sense of smell lightly. But have you ever thought about what it would be like not to be able to smell something? Complete loss of smell is called anosmia. Without your sense of smell, food tastes different, you cannot smell a flower, and you may find yourself in a dangerous situation without realizing it. For example, without the ability to detect odors, you cannot smell gas leaks, smoke from the fire, or sour milk.
Taste and smell disorders send hundreds of thousands of people to the doctor each year. Fortunately for most people, anosmia is a temporary discomfort caused by a severely stuffy nose caused by a cold. Once the cold takes its course, the person’s sense of smell returns. However, for some people, including many older people, the loss of their sense of smell may persist. Additionally, anosmia may be a sign of a more serious medical condition. Ongoing problems with an odor should be checked out by a doctor.
How do we smell?
A person’s sense of it is guided by certain processes. First, a molecule released from a substance (such as the scent from a flower) must stimulate specific nerve cells (called olfactory cells) located above the nose. These nerve cells then send information to the brain where the specific smell is described. Situations such as nasal congestion or damage to nerve cells can cause loss of smell anything that interferes with these processes.
The ability to it also affects our ability to taste. Without the sense of smell, our taste buds can only detect a few tastes, and this can affect your quality of life.
Reasons not to smell
Nasal congestion from a cold, allergy, sinus infection or poor air quality is the most common cause of anosmia. Other causes of anosmia include:
- Nasal polyps – small noncancerous growths in the nose and sinuses that block the nasal passage.
- Injury to the nose and olfactory nerves due to surgery or head injury.
- Exposure to toxic chemicals such as pesticides or solvents.
- Certain medications, including antibiotics, antidepressants, anti-inflammatory drugs, heart medications, and others.
- Drug abuse.
- Old age. Like sight and hearing, your sense of smell may also weaken as you age. In fact, a person’s sense of smell is most often between the ages of 30-60 and begins to decline after the age of 60.
- Certain medical conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, nutritional deficiencies, congenital conditions, and hormonal disorders.
- Radiation therapy of head and neck cancers.
Symptoms of inability to smell
The obvious symptom of anosmia is the loss of smell. Some people with anosmia notice a change in the way they smell. For example, familiar things start to be odorless.
Tell your doctor if you experience a loss of smell that you cannot attribute to a cold or allergy, or that does not improve after a week or two. Your doctor may look into your nose with a special instrument to see if a polyp or growth is impairing your ability to smell or if there is an infection.
Further testing may be required by a doctor who specializes in nose and sinus problems – an ear, nose, and throat doctor (ENT) – to determine the cause of the anosmia. A CT scan may be required so that the doctor can see the area better.
Treatment for inability to smell
If nasal congestion caused by a cold or allergy is the cause of the anosmia, treatment is usually not required and the problem resolves on its own. Short-term use of over-the-counter decongestants can open your nasal passages so you can breathe easier. However, if the blockage gets worse or doesn’t go away after a few days, see your doctor. You may have an infection and need antibiotics, or another medical condition may be to blame.
If you have polyps or growths, surgery may be required to clear the blockage and regain your sense of smell.
If you suspect that a drug is affecting your sense of it, talk to your doctor and see if other treatment options will not affect your ability to smell. However, never stop taking the medication without talking to your doctor first.
If you smoke, quit. Smoking can dull your senses, including your sense of it.
I can’t smell, what should I do at home?
The powerful anti-inflammatory properties of the active ingredient ricinoleic acid in garlic reduce swelling and inflammation in the nasal passage. The presence of anti-bacterial properties adds to its advantage by clearing sputum deposits from the nasal passage and also facilitates breathing by widening the nasal passage.
Crush 4-5 cloves of garlic and add it to a glass of boiling water. Boil for two minutes, add a pinch of salt. Drink the mixture while it is still hot twice a day to restore your sense of smell.
The abundance of vitamin C, antioxidants, and powerful anti-microbial properties in lemon is of great importance in the treatment of an infection that causes excessive mucous deposits in the nasal passage and subsequent obstructed nasal discharge.
To relieve throat and nasal congestion, squeeze the juice of one lemon in a glass of warm water and add a teaspoon of honey and drink this lemon tea twice a day.
The oil extracted from castor seeds has powerful antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and pain-relieving properties that inhibit the growth of nasal polyps. It is extremely effective in relieving symptoms such as swelling and inflammation caused by cough and cold and helps to restore the sense of it.
Go for a basic treatment by dropping a drop of warm castor oil into the nostrils. Apply this twice a day in the morning and at night before going to sleep for a faster effect.
The bioactive ingredient menthol in peppermint leaves exhibits anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties, which play an important role in relieving cough and flu symptoms that cause congestion in the nose, throat, and chest cavity.
Boil 10-15 mint leaves in a glass of water. To clear the stuffy nose and restore the sense of smell, brew the mixture with a spoonful of honey, then strain and drink.
Gingerol, the active ingredient in ginger, gives ginger its characteristic pungent aroma and flavor, which helps stimulate taste buds and improve the sense of smell. Also, as a natural expectorant, it exhibits potent anti-microbial and pain-relieving properties that help treat nasal infections and clear rum particles from the nose.
You can strengthen your sense of smell by brewing ginger or chewing a small piece.