Hormone Disorder May Be Caused by Disease
Hormone Disorder the pituitary gland, which is responsible for the production and secretion of many hormones in the body, can cause many health problems, sometimes due to diseases caused by it. Pituitary gland adenomas, which are one of these problems, can cause vision loss, especially with the pressure they apply to the eye nerves, the closest neighboring organ, in addition to its compressive effect on the surrounding tissues. Thanks to the endoscopic surgeries performed by entering through the nostrils, patients can regain their health comfortably.
Hormone Disorder It is more common in women
Pituitary gland adenomas are benign tumors. They are structures created by a small gland in the middle of the brain that controls body hormones as a result of abnormal cell proliferation. Sometimes it is detected thanks to the hormone they secrete, and sometimes it can be noticed with visual disturbances without secreting any hormones. It can cause some diseases called giant-dwarfism among people and hormonal disorders. Hormone excess or hormone deficiency may occur due to adenomas. It is more common in women due to the variability of their hormonal balance. The presence of hormone-inactive tumors is more common in men.
The hormones released from the pituitary gland and their functions are as follows;
- Prolactin (Milk hormone)
- FSH, LH (Sex hormones)
- GH (Growth hormone)
- ACTH (Salt and water balance and cortisone release)
- TSH (Thyroid-stimulating hormone)
If the hands and feet are more than normal …
In adenomas called Cushing’s syndrome, in other words with excess cortisone hormone; Conditions such as being overweight, high blood pressure and sugar, obesity occur. However, these can only be understood when the patient is examined for obesity. Some anatomical disorders may occur in the patient’s organs such as hands and feet, nose tip, chin, and heart, which he does not notice, but can be determined when examined by a specialist.
Endoscopic surgery through the nostril
Tumors usually settle in an area of 1 to 1 cm just below the two optic nerves. Since it has some anatomical structures, if it causes visual disorders or the patient’s hormone deficiency or excess, it should be treated with surgery. In endoscopic pituitary gland surgeries; Both nostrils or one of them are entered through endoscopy, and by making use of some anatomical cavities in the head, air spaces, and sinus cavities, the location of the pituitary tumor is reached and the tumor in that area is removed.
Comfortable surgery affects psychology in a good way
The fact that the skull is not opened during the endoscopic pituitary gland surgery and that no dressing is needed after the operation provides great comfort to the patient. Thus, the time to be discharged becomes very short. Also, since the operation method also reduces anxiety and panic in the patient, the operation process is a better decision. Depending on the type of the tumor, it’s pathological staging, whether it is atypical, and whether it is aggressive, sometimes postoperative radiotherapy and drug therapy can be given. There is a possibility of recurrence of up to 3-5%.
Special surgery may not be suitable for every patient.
For the operation, the patient should not have undergone major nasal surgery. Also, natural anatomical air spaces must be sufficient to perform surgery. Sometimes the fact that the congenital sinus cavities are completely closed causes a bone wall in front of the path to be reached. In this case, surgery becomes difficult or impossible. Especially in childhood tumors, since the sinus cavities develop slowly, surgeries in these regions are much more difficult in children.