The gums are solid and pink-colored tissues that cover the jawbone. This tissue, which also includes the roots of the teeth, is very rich in blood vessels. Although problems related to teeth usually come to mind when it comes to oral and dental health, gum diseases have an important share among health problems in this group. If a problem occurs in the gums for any reason, symptoms such as swelling and inflammation may occur. Swelling is usually seen at the point where the gum meets the tooth, the swollen gum may cover some of the teeth. Usually, rashes can be seen along with swelling. Swelling of the gums causing sensitivity and pain; It can be quite uncomfortable during activities such as moving the mouth, eating, and talking. With proper oral care and medical treatment, gingival swelling can be easily treated.
What is gum swelling?
Swelling of the gums may occur due to gingivitis or different reasons. These swellings may be of a size that makes daily life difficult, or they may be mild and not uncomfortable. This situation, which is generally caused by poor oral hygiene, may indicate a different underlying health problem when it is seen in individuals who care about brushing their teeth 2-3 times a day and cleaning their tongue. Swelling of the gums usually heals in a few days with proper oral care and consumption of soft foods. However, if it takes longer than a week, it may require medical attention. Although it seems like a simple disease, if it progresses and is not treated, it can also lead to more serious health problems that can lead to periodontitis, gingival recession, and tooth loss. For this reason, patients with swollen gums should go to health institutions and undergo a dental examination, especially if there is no improvement within a few days or at the latest within a week.
What are the symptoms of gum swelling?
Gum swelling is a very common health problem and shows itself with similar symptoms in almost every individual. The most common of these are:
- Swelling in any part of the gums or in more than one area,
- Redness of the gums,
- Pain and discomfort,
- Difficulty eating, speaking and mouth movements,
- Sensitivity to hot and cold foods,
- White-colored inflammation in the area of swelling,
- Bleeding gums.
The symptoms are seen above usually occur within a few days and disappear spontaneously within a few days. In rare cases, it may take longer than a week and antibiotic treatment may be required in this situation. Therefore, dentists should be consulted for long-lasting gum swelling.
Why do gums swell?
Many factors can play a role in the formation of gum swelling. The first and most common of these is inadequate oral hygiene. If the teeth are not brushed regularly, plaques formed by the residues of food and bacteria form on the tooth surface. These plaques may remain in inaccessible areas of the teeth due to unbrushed or careless brushing for a long time, causing the formation of tartar (tartar). Tartar occurs when bacterial plaques remain on the tooth surface for more than a few days and harden, and it is very difficult to clean with methods such as brushing teeth and using dental floss. Plaque and tartars are the most common cause of gingivitis and therefore gum swelling. Pregnancy is a process in which the possibility of gingival swelling increases. Changing hormonal balance during pregnancy can create an invitation to gum diseases. At the same time, the increased blood flow in the gums during pregnancy is another factor that facilitates irritation and opens the way for swelling. Another reason for gum swelling is malnutrition. Insufficient intake of vitamins B and C together with foods can cause tooth and gum diseases, leading to swelling of the gums. In addition to all these, infections caused by bacteria, fungi, and viruses can also cause swelling and inflammation in the gums. Herpetic gingivostomatitis, gingivitis caused by the herpes virus, and thrush, which are common in infants, are examples. In addition, untreated dental caries can cause regional gum swelling and abscesses.
How is gum swelling diagnosed?
Gum swelling rarely requires medical attention. Gum swelling; can be easily healed with some natural methods that can be applied at home, the use of antiseptic mouthwashes, and regular tooth brushing. In some cases, especially in the presence of an underlying health problem, it may last for more than a week and reach a size that makes feeding and mouth movements significantly difficult. In this case, a dentist examination should be passed. During the examination, the dentist; Examines the oral cavity, teeth, and gums in detail. The patient may be asked questions such as how long the gum swelling has been present, how the oral care is performed, and whether there are different accompanying diseases. The presence of pregnancy status in women can be investigated, and the recent changes in the diet and the drugs used can be asked. Generally, a full mouth x-ray is required to detect oral and dental diseases more clearly. In addition, some blood tests can be performed if an infection is suspected. By examining the obtained findings, the problem that causes swelling in the gum can be determined and the treatment plan can be determined by the dentist.
What are the treatment methods for gum swelling?
Medical treatment is required for gum swelling that lasts longer than a week or two. In this case, first of all, the problem causing swelling should be diagnosed fully and drug treatment should be applied accordingly. Mouthwashes with various ingredients can be prescribed by the dentist to prevent inflammation in the gums and dental plaques. In case of mild swelling and inflammation, some measures that can be taken at home in addition to mouthwash are usually sufficient to cure the disease. Teeth should be brushed 2-3 times a day with a soft toothbrush, using dental floss, the interdental spaces that the brush cannot reach should be cleaned well. Tongue cleaning should also be done with the help of tongue cleaners. To purify the mouth and teeth from bacteria, you can gargle with salt water intermittently. The use of irritating mouthwash with intense content and high menthol used in a normal routine should be avoided during this period. In addition, plenty of water should be consumed, alcohol and smoking should be avoided. It should be fed with soft foods that are not too hot or too cold, and the area of swelling should be protected as much as possible. In cases where the pain is severe, cold or hot compresses can be used on the face. Oral antibiotics may be required in case of advanced and worsening inflammations. Unconscious use of antibiotics should definitely be avoided without a physician’s recommendation and prescription. Surgical operations may also be required if gingivitis has spread over a wide area and cannot be controlled with antibiotics.
Oral care and hygiene should be taken into consideration to prevent the recurrence of gum swelling and inflammation in the post-treatment period. If you too have a gum swelling problem and ask, “Why do the gums swell?” If you are wondering, you can apply to a health institution and undergo a dental examination. You can take precautions against serious problems that may lead to tooth loss by taking the necessary precautions in line with the treatment plan given by your physician.
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