Gum Diseases; Cleaning of dental calculus and bacterial plaque, treatment of the disease with surgical techniques and motivating the patient about oral and dental care for the purpose of the treatment of gum diseases, commonly known as “gingival recession” and resulting in tooth loss, are included in this field of dentistry. The treatment of gum disease has become one of the most emphasized topics in modern dentistry.
– Light pink in color with an orange crust
– A uniform gingival border that surrounds the teeth at the root starts and follows their contours
No redness, swelling, or infection
– Not bleeding with normal brushing and use of rope
– No feeling of discomfort
– Robust and hard-looking gums …
– Bleeding in the gums (when brushing teeth or spontaneously) due to inflammation and bad taste in the mouth
Red and swollen gums
– taste disturbance in the mouth
– Gums are pulled to expose the root of the tooth
Teeth that bend or become crooked over time
– Itching sensations in the gums are the main symptoms.
– Types of Gum Diseases
Gingivitis: It is the simplest form of gum disease. During this period, the gums were bleeding, red and enlarged in volume. It may not cause much discomfort in the early period. If left untreated, the disease turns into a periodontitis stage. With professional treatment and good care, gum health can be restored.
Periodontitis: It is the more advanced stage of periodontal diseases. As a result of inflammation in the supporting tissues of the tooth, bone loss is observed with the tissues between the tooth and gingiva. There is a recession in the gums and the formation called gingival pocket. As the disease progresses, it causes teeth to shake and, if left untreated, lose.
Causes of Gum Diseases;
Bacterial plaque, which is the main cause of gum disease; is a sticky transparent layer that adheres tightly to the tooth. In cases where oral hygiene procedures are applied insufficiently, bacterial plaque is formed that affects the teeth and gums. One milligram of the plate contains between 200 and 300 million bacteria. In addition, the following factors also affect gum health.
* Hormonal changes
* Drug use
Clenching or grinding teeth
* Diabetes – diabetes
* Poorly made crown bridges and fillings
Treatment of Gum Diseases;
In the treatment of gum disease, it is necessary to measure the depth of the pockets between the tooth and the gum with a special instrument (periodontal probe). The diagnosis is made according to the amount and depth of these pockets and treatment is planned. Since deep pockets will create a suitable environment for the rapid progression of gum disease, the purpose of the treatment is to make them as shallow as possible. It is impossible for the patient to completely clean the microorganisms that have settled in deep pockets by brushing and using dental floss.
Aesthetic gum applications
Smile with the gums (gummy smile): In cases where the gums appear too much when they smile, whether or not there is an aesthetic dentistry procedure, a small operation can be performed to remove excess gums and achieve a more pleasant smile.
Gingival recession: Some teeth may appear too long as a result of gingival recession. Root surfaces are exposed in these teeth. In such a case, gum treatment should be done first and these openings should be closed with soft tissue transplants.
Irregular gingival canals: The gums surrounding the teeth may be too high or too low in some teeth (gingival recession, eruption disorder, defects arising from tooth loss, etc.). Before the aesthetic procedure, gum shapes should be idealized.
Treatments to be applied according to the level of Gum Diseases;
- Tooth stone cleaning
- Root surface straightening (curettage)
- Gingivectomy and gingivoplasty
- Flap operation
- Tissue transplants
- Soft tissue transplants
- Hard tissue transplants