Play therapy: It is applied to children between the ages of 3-11 and is based on the child’s natural expression through play. Just as adults express themselves by talking and express their emotions, play is a tool for children to express their feelings and distress. Play therapy and icons are means to reflect the child’s inner world. Toys become tools by which children can convey their emotions such as fear, anxiety, fantasy, and guilt. In-play therapy, which is applied in a directed or undirected way, the child gets the chance to work on the problems he/she experiences. The aim of Play Therapy is to make the child suffer less, to cope with trauma and phobias (for divorce, illness, fear of failure, abuse, etc.), and to adapt to life. During the therapy process, the therapist listens to the child and creates a safer framework by making him feel understood. Therapy is where children are accepted and protected as they are. The play therapist often teaches the child about his behavior and makes him feel respected for his behavior.
Game therapy helps the child to move on to the next developmental stage and establish his inner balance by providing the necessary improvement in the developmental stage to which he is attached. Play therapy is a therapy technique frequently used by experts for anxiety, fear, obsession, low self-esteem, timidity, impulsivity, aggression, social-school adaptation problems, behavioral problems, sleep-eating-toilet problems. Play therapy includes those who are overly preoccupied with sexual behavior, complain of nausea or headaches without physical cause, show signs of introversion and unhappiness, difficulty making friends, frequently quarreling with peers or siblings, bullying others or being bullied by others, unable to defend themselves. It is an ideal method, especially for children who do not play and do not know how to play.
-What is Play Therapy?
The special type of therapy that focuses on children’s expressing themselves and their needs through games and toys is called “play therapy”. Play therapy aims to reveal children’s cognitive and social skills, emotions, and thoughts through play. The play therapist, on the other hand, enters the game world created by the child with him and speaks the child’s play language. At the end of the therapy process, it is aimed to help children eliminate their emotional distress and reach their healthy development. It is the treatment and improvement of mental disorders and behavioral disorders, especially in children, by specialists trained in this field through games or toys.
In what situations is play therapy recommended?
- Behavior Problems
- Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder
- Anger Management Problems
- Self Confidence and Self Development
- Fears and Anxieties
- Behaviors such as Nail Biting – Finger Sucking – Hair Plucking
- Sibling Envy
- Nutritional Problems
- Bottom Wetting
- Stool Incontinence
- Effects of the Parental Divorce Process
- Domestic Violence
- Social Withdrawal
- Sexual / Physical / Emotional Abuse Traumas
The aim of filial therapy is to reconstruct the structure of the relationship between family and child in a therapeutic framework. In this technique, the family is given child-oriented psychoeducation, and the child is taught to deal with the emotional, behavioral, and social problems over time. The aim of filial therapy is not just to solve the existing problem. The aim is to ensure that the child finds himself in a safe family relationship, recognizes his feelings, and shares it with his family safely.