Filling Treatment Conservative Dental Treatment Purpose
It is the cleaning of dental caries and filling the formed cavity (cavity) with an artificial filling treatment material. Dental caries are defined as a disease that occurs in dental tissues due to more than one cause.
Factors of Tooth Decay;
- Bacteria plate
- Internal factors (tooth structure, the composition of saliva, etc.)
- Carbohydrate foods (Sugar, flour, etc.)
- Time (the duration of food in the mouth)
Bacteria plaque formed by bacteria in the mouth can form acid from the residues of sugary and floury foods. These acids dissolve the mineral tissue of the tooth and damage the enamel of the tooth and cause the formation of cavities on the tooth, which we call cavities.
Diagnosis and Diagnostic Methods
Dental caries can occur on the chewing surface of the tooth, on the contact interfaces of the teeth, or in the neck areas of the teeth. It is easy to detect brownness or pitting on visible surfaces. However, X-ray diagnosis is also required in caries that do not have these symptoms.
The decay that starts in the enamel tissue of the tooth progresses to the dentin tissue when it is not treated. Dentin is a structure that dissolves more easily than enamel and therefore caries progression is rapid. In a bruise that has reached the dentin tissue, the patient may have hot, cold, sour, sweet tenderness as a result of a factor. This pain passes when the factor disappears.
If the pain has become permanent, the decay has progressed to the pulp layer where the vascular-nerve bundle of the tooth is collected and canal treatment is required.
Treatment Methods Composite Filling
It is a plastic mixture containing silicon dioxide particles. It is not noticeable on the teeth with various color options and is also called an aesthetic-white filling. The material, which was used only for the front teeth for a period, has been strengthened with various methods and made suitable for the posterior teeth. Using a special binding agent, the filling material placed on the tooth is hardened with a light device and polished in the same session.
The measure is taken from the cavity prepared in porcelain fillings and sent to the laboratory. When the patient comes to the next session, the polished porcelain filling adheres to the cavity.
It is produced by mixing silver, tin, and copper alloy with 45-50% mercury. After filling the cavity cleaned of decay with amalgam filling material, it is recommended not to use that area for two hours and not to chew anything hard for 24 hours. After 24 hours, the hardened filling is polished.