External Otitis (External Ear Tract Inflammation)
External otitis is an inflammation of the skin lining the external auditory canal and the outer surface of the eardrum. The outer ear canal is a hot, dark, and moist area. This can cause bacteria and fungi to reproduce and cause disease easily. External otitis is different from otitis media.
What Causes External Otitis (External Ear Tract Inflammation)?
A number of factors may increase the frequency of external otitis.
Too much water can enter the ear canal as a result of frequent showers or swimming in the pool. Water destroys the protective wax known as earwax, which is secreted from the sweat and sebaceous glands just at the entrance of the ear canal. Thus, the reproduction of bacteria and fungi is also facilitated.
Frequent cleaning of the ears also removes the protective wax of the ear, further thinning the external auditory canal skin and causing inflammation.
If you injure your ear with a finger or any hard substance in the ear canal, microbes enter through very small cracks in the skin of the ear canal and inflammation may develop.
Skin diseases such as psoriasis, which can be seen in other parts of the body, can also develop in the ear canal and cause the development and recurrence of ear canal inflammation.
What are the Symptoms of External Ear Tract Inflammation?
- Ear itching.
- There may be a throbbing ear pain that can spread to the neck and around the eyes. The pain may increase when the ear moves when chewing or pressing the cartilaginous protrusion just in front of the ear canal.
- Ears can be clogged. There may be a feeling of pressure, fullness, and a decrease in hearing.
- There may be ear discharge.
If you see any of these features, consult your physician. As a result of the treatment, these complaints will pass.
How is External Otitis (External Ear Tract Inflammation) Treated?
Your doctor will examine the ear canal and remove any discharge or inflammation found. He or she will also examine your eardrum and look for additional inflammation. Most cases of External Otitis are treated with ear drops and, if necessary, pills.
How Should Ear Drops Be Used?
Your doctor will tell you how long and how often you should use the drops per day. The medicine should be warmed up in the palm of the hand before dropping the medicine into the ear. Thus, the feeling of dizziness after instilling the medicine will be prevented. The earlobe should be moved back and forth to ensure that the medicine moves through the ear canal.
What more can be done?
Follow your doctor’s recommendations and use all your medications completely. External Otitis treatment is a difficult and long-lasting treatment.
The Following Suggestions Will Help Treatment In External Ear Tract Inflammation
- Try to keep your ears absolutely dry for 7-10 days.
- Choose to take a bath rather than take a shower. When washing your hair, try to prevent water from getting into your ears by blocking cotton. Do not use earplugs. If your ear gets wet in the bathroom, dry it with clean dry cotton without sticking anything into it.
- Avoid water sports. Consult your doctor before resuming water sports.
- Do not put any medicine in your ears except for prescribed medication.
Scratching and rubbing will aggravate external otitis.
The severity of the complaints will usually subside within the first three days after treatment and will disappear within ten days. If there is no improvement to this day, the physician should be consulted.
How Can External Ear Tract Inflammation Be Prevented?
The safest way to prevent External Otitis (External Ear Tract Inflammation) is to ensure that the defense mechanisms of the ear canal work well. Some tips can help.
- Do not insert cotton swabs, paper clips, liquids or sprays, or your finger into the ear canal. This procedure may damage the skin of the external auditory canal. If your ear is itchy, consult your doctor.
- Do not try to remove the earwax (wax). If you feel your hearing is affected, consult your doctor to assess whether any other cause is found.
- Try to keep your ears as dry as possible. Dry your ears with a towel after swimming or showering. Try to move your head and auricles to let the water flow out. A low set, a hairdryer can help dry the ear canal, but 30 cm from your ear. keep it away.
- If you have frequent external ear canal inflammation, you can prevent water from getting into your ears by using headgear while swimming. Earplugs can allow your ears to become inflamed.