External Ear Tract Infections
Especially in the summer months, the seaside and pools are the places we visit frequently to feel the heat. Sometimes we get so overwhelmed that we don’t want to get out of the sea or the pool. In such cases, some pictures can affect our ears. One of these is external auditory canal infections.
Although external auditory canal (CHF) infections are mostly seen in summer, they are actually suitable for occurring in any environment where the external ear tract infections auditory canal may remain moist. For example; Even after a spa vacation or a simple shower, it can predispose to this infection.
Humidity is an important factor for EET infections, but hygiene is important in the water that will create this moisture. Especially, monitoring of sampling and spraying of pool waters should be done very strictly. For seawater, areas with a certain amount of bacteria should be determined by the authorities and the public should be warned.
EET infections are painful and indeed have the potential to poison the holiday. The patient’s EET is very sensitive. A serious pain occurs by pressing the cartilage protrusion right in front of the rear entrance, which we call the tragus. The patient’s hearing loss increases with the narrowing of the ear canal and turns into throbbing sharp pain. Fire can be seen. One of the mistakes that are often made is the use of cotton swabs to clean the inside of the ear in mild blockages. This causes the infection to spread more easily and even dirt that swells with water inside is pushed to the bottom and creates pressure. Therefore, our recommendation is definitely an ear check before the holiday. Pre-cleaning the dirt that could cause potential problems will help you to continue your vacation uninterrupted. By the way, it is worth emphasizing that earwax is actually a secretion of the external ear canal skin, which prevents the fungal formation and reduces excess moisture. Therefore, dirt that does not interfere with the examination and does not completely block the EET does not necessarily need to be cleaned.
In the treatment of EET infections, contact with water is stopped as soon as possible. After the ENT examination, local antibiotic drops are started for infections that are thought to be bacterial, cortisone drops are started to reduce swelling and edema, and even an oral antibiotic is added according to the situation. Pain relief is almost always needed. The patient is asked to use earplugs to prevent even the slightest water leakage, including a shower. The external ear canal is sometimes so blocked that it does not even allow examination, in this case, the patient will not use the drops effectively, so a cotton strip that will serve as a suppository can be properly placed by the doctor. These patients should be followed up frequently. It should be called for dressing every 2-3 days, and the associated discharge from the external auditory canal should be cleaned. Different drug treatment is used in CHF infections due to fungi. Therefore, it would be inconvenient for the patient to start treatment on his own and may even increase the infection.
It is not always possible to take precautions for EET infection, but prolonged exposure to water increases this risk. Patients with this chronic disease can use earplugs in the sea and pool. Ear cleaning should not be done with cotton swabs but should be wiped towards the outer ear canal with a dry cotton ball. A dryer should not be held in the outer ear canal.
EET infections are serious infections that impair the quality of life. I hope the information we provide will be useful to you.
I wish you healthy days.