Electronic cigarettes or e-cigarettes are an increasingly popular method of getting nicotine among those who want to quit smoking. However, research has not yet proven whether using electronic cigarettes helps to quit smoking, as well as revealing the harmful effects of electronic cigarettes every day. In this article, electronic cigarette damages have been compiled for you. We wish you pleasant reading.
How does an electronic cigarette work?
Electronic cigarettes are devices that are placed inside and generally heat a liquid solution containing nicotine and turn it into a vapor that can be inhaled. These devices often work with the help of batteries. Generally, they have names such as e-cigarette, e-vaporizer, and the name of this action, which is frequently used abroad, is called “vaping”.
Some e-cigarettes look like traditional cigarettes, cigars, or pipes. Others look like pens or flash / USB sticks or have completely different designs. E-cigarettes are available in disposable or refillable varieties. The liquid used in electronic cigarettes typically contains nicotine, flavorings, propylene glycol, and vegetable glycerin.
The hardness of an e-cigarette is determined by the amount of nicotine in the e-liquid and is expressed in milligrams or percentages per milliliter. However, studies have raised concerns that product labels do not always provide accurate information about the nicotine content. Some capsules contain a concentrated form of nicotine called “nicotine salt”. A capsule containing 5% nicotine salt can contain between 30 and 50 milligrams of nicotine. This is equivalent to the amount of nicotine that 1-3 packs of cigarettes carry.
Are e-cigarettes safe?
In recent months, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States has reported more than 2,500 lung injuries related to the use of electronic cigarettes, mostly containing tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The CDC and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) strongly recommend that people do not use electronic cigarette liquids or products containing THC, especially from sources such as friends, family, or online retailers. If you are an electronic cigarette user; You should pay attention to symptoms such as cough, shortness of breath, and chest pain. If you are concerned about your health, you should seek medical attention without delay.
Nicotine-containing e-cigarettes are not considered safe for adolescents, young adults, or pregnant women. Apart from this, the use of electronic cigarettes, especially abroad, is very common among high school students. Nicotine can harm brain development in children and young adults until their early 20s and is toxic to developing fetuses.
E-cigarette use carries the risk of nicotine addiction in non-smoking teenagers and adults. This risk can lead to long-term use of e-cigarettes, the effect of which is not yet known or to start smoking.
Another very rare risk of electronic cigarettes is that defective e-cigarette batteries often cause fires and explosions while the batteries are being charged. People who use electronic cigarettes should also remember that the devices they use can have these results.
Can electronic cigarettes help quit smoking?
Electronic cigarettes are not approved by the FDA to quit smoking. Studies to test whether e-cigarettes can help people quit smoking have yielded inconsistent results. Limited research suggests that using nicotine-only e-cigarettes to quit smoking may be effective in the short term compared to the use of medical nicotine replacements. However, there is insufficient evidence comparing the safety and efficacy of using e-cigarettes for smoking cessation and evidence-based treatments. E-cigarettes may only be suitable for those who do not want to try evidence-based smoking cessation treatments or who have not been successful with such treatments.
What are the harms of electronic cigarettes?
“Is electronic cigarette harmful?” The question can be answered very clearly. Yes, the electronic cigarette is harmful to health. Since the electronic cigarette was launched in 2006, the long-term use effects are still unknown. Clinically, such a long-term study has not yet been conducted, although its association with lung injury or cancer is gradually being demonstrated. However, electronic cigarettes have important effects, especially on heart, lung, and dental health. Below, the damages on these organs are discussed one by one.
Possible damages of electronic cigarette on the heart
A 2018 report from the National Academies Press (NAP) found significant evidence that taking a puff from a nicotine-containing e-cigarette increases heart rate. The authors also showed moderate evidence suggesting that taking a breath from the e-cigarette also increases blood pressure. High heart rate and blood pressure can affect heart health in the long term. A study conducted in 2019 found that e-cigarette use was associated with an increased risk of stroke, heart attack, angina, and heart disease.
Possible damages of electronic cigarette on the lung
In particular, a study conducted in 2015 examined the effects of flavored e-liquid electronic cigarettes on both mouse and human lung cells. Several adverse effects have been reported on both cell types, including toxicity, oxidation, and inflammation.
In another study conducted in 2018, the lung functions of 10 non-smokers were evaluated immediately after smoking electronic cigarettes with or without nicotine. Researchers have concluded that both nicotine and non-nicotine e-cigarettes impair normal lung function in healthy people.
NAP’s 2018 report; reported that there is some evidence that exposure to e-cigarettes has adverse effects on the respiratory system, but additional studies are required to understand to what extent electronic cigarettes contribute to respiratory diseases.
The negative effects on lung health will become more apparent in the following years because electronic cigarettes, like cigarettes, gradually show their harmful effects.
Effects of electronic cigarette on dental health
Electronic cigarettes appear to have some negative effects on oral health. For example, in a 2018 study, it was reported that exposure to e-cigarette aerosol made the surface of the teeth or the enamel layer more susceptible to developing bacteria. The researchers concluded that electronic cigarettes could increase the risk of cavities.
Another study conducted in 2016 showed that electronic cigarette smoking is associated with gingivitis, a known factor in the development of periodontal diseases. Similarly, a 2014 article reported that electronic cigarettes can trigger irritation in the gums, mouth, and throat.
Finally, the same NAP report in 2018; concluded that there is some evidence that both nicotine and non-nicotine e-cigarettes can damage oral cells and tissues in people who do not smoke. Apart from all these, electronic cigarettes can cause oxidative stress with the chemicals it contains and cause damage to both the cell and DNA structure. This can contribute to the development of diseases such as cancer.
If you use e-cigarettes to quit smoking, remember that your goal is to stop using all tobacco products altogether. Also, the dual-use of nicotine and traditional cigarette e-cigarettes is strongly discouraged.