Allergy can be triggered by many different factors, which can cause life-threatening reactions and affect the quality of life. In some, eggs and peanuts, others pollen or dust in the house can reveal allergies. It sometimes manifests itself as a skin allergy and sometimes as a food allergy.
Allergy is a reaction that occurs in individuals sensitive to harmless substances that normal people do not react to. These substances are defined as “allergens”. Allergies can be seasonal (for example, in the spring), or can last year-round. It is possible to list the main allergens as meadow pollen, house dust mite, animal hair, mold fungus, bee venom, and some food allergens. The most common allergen foods are eggs, nuts, and legumes.
When you encounter a substance that you are allergic to, the immune system sees it as dangerous and releases a chemical agent called histamine. This histamine causes skin rash, headache, sneezing, runny nose, skin swelling, nausea, and diarrhea. The most dangerous reaction is the reaction we call ‘anaphylaxis’. It can start suddenly and cause death.
Everyone’s allergies are different
If the allergen is something you breathe in, your eyes, nose, and respiratory system will be affected. If the allergen is a substance you eat, a reaction occurs in the mouth, stomach, and intestines. In such cases, the allergist will evaluate your complaint and history. It then uses a blood and skin test to find out what you’re allergic to. It provides relief by applying protection, drug therapy, and immunotherapy when necessary.
Allergies can be classified as food, skin, drug, and spring allergies. All of them have different allergen factors, the way they affect people, and their treatment approaches.
Be careful while feeding the children eggs and peanuts!
Food allergies can affect about 5 percent of children and 3 percent of adults. Food allergy can cause reactions in people ranging from mild to severe. The following foods are generally responsible for the formation of 90 percent of all reactions: Egg, milk, peanut, fish, shrimp, wheat, and soy. Most milk, egg, and peanut allergies in children. The most effective treatment for food allergies is food avoidance.
Unbearable itching may be caused by allergies
Skin allergies can be classified as atopic dermatitis (eczema), urticaria, and angioedema. Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema. It causes dry itching and red skin lesions. Allergens, dust mite, animal hair, soap, detergent, lotions, dry winter weather can trigger eczema. The allergist reveals the possible triggers of eczema, takes measures to reduce complaints and prevent itching. Urticaria is red bumps on the skin. Certain foods, medications, bee stings, cold hot sun exposure, latex, blood transfusion, bacterial infection, and viral infections can trigger them. It is essential to avoid known triggers. Angioedema is the edema of deeper skin layers. It manifests itself in the form of swelling in the eyes, mouth, tongue, hand, foot, and throat and difficulty in breathing. The most commonly used drug option in its treatment is antihistamines.
Carry your drug allergy necklace with you
Drug allergy does not cause a reaction when the drug is first encountered. Organism creates antibodies against this drug. When the drug is taken for the second time, the immune system is stimulated and this drug is evaluated as foreign, and histamine and some substances are released. As a result; skin rash and urticaria, itching, wheezing, swelling, vomiting, dizziness, and anaphylaxis occur. After taking the patient’s history and evaluating the physical examination, the allergist may order skin tests or blood tests. If drug allergies are suspected, drug skin tests and a provocation test can be applied. The allergist reviews the drugs that have potential risks other than the current drug reveals the alternatives of the drugs that cause the complaints and recommends that you have your document in your necklace, bracelet, or wallet showing the allergy.