COPD patients and Covid 19
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, COPD, is a disease in the lungs caused by the obstruction of the air sacs called bronchus. COPD usually occurs in older ages and for certain reasons. It can be observed due to smoking, occupational deformation, and genetic diseases. Kovid 19 disease due to the new type of coronavirus and COPD disease have similar symptoms and complaints. For this reason, COPD patients should pay more attention to their own health.
What is COPD?
COPD is an irreversible disease characterized by restricting airflow and making it difficult for the person to breathe. Airflow restriction is usually progressive but can be prevented and treated in many cases. It is associated with the abnormal inflammatory response of the lungs to harmful particles and gases (inflammation, a normal protective condition of the body against any damage). The fresh air in the lungs is absorbed by the bronchi and the oxygen in the clean air is delivered to the blood and tissues. COPD reduces the normal capacity of the lung by obstructing the bronchi, and this process progresses. The fresh air taken under these conditions cannot pass into the bloodstream sufficiently from the lungs, so sufficient oxygen transmission to the tissues cannot be provided through the blood.
What are the symptoms of COPD?
Although long-term shortness of breath, cough, and sputum complaints are sufficient to diagnose COPD, which is generally seen in smokers, a respiratory assessment test is essential for a definitive result. The symptoms are mainly; During physical activity (climbing stairs, brisk walking, sports, etc.), shortness of breath, cough, sputum, chest tightness, Cyanosis (bruising on the tongue, lips, fingertips), severe weakness, and fatigue.
What is Covid 19?
Crowned viruses are called coronaviruses, as corona means crown in Latin, and coronavirus is compared to a round crown with protrusions on it when examined under the microscope. Kovid 19 is also a type of coronavirus. Kovid-19, which spreads very rapidly all over the world, threatens people with chronic diseases and especially lung diseases. The new coronavirus, officially named SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus-2) by the World Health Organization (WHO), is a contagious virus that causes respiratory tract infection and can be transmitted from person to person. It was first seen in Wuhan, China, in early December 2019. It is a new viral respiratory illness with symptoms of high fever and shortness of breath. It is known that the transmission routes of the disease are droplets and contact routes. It is called a pandemic because it has turned into a global epidemic.
What are the symptoms of Covid 19?
The most common symptoms of the new type of coronavirus Covid 19 are fever, dry cough, tiredness, and joint pain that do not go down for 48 hours or more. In addition to these, serious symptoms are difficulty breathing, shortness of breath, chest pain, chest pressure, loss of speech, or movement. In addition, although it is rarely observed, symptoms such as sore throat, diarrhea, conjunctivitis (inflammation of the membrane covering the tissues surrounding the upper and eye area), headache, loss of sense of taste or smell, skin rash, or discoloration of the fingers or toes have been detected.
COPD patients and Covid 19
Since the incubation period (incubation and symptom duration) of the new type of corona virus-induced Covid 19 disease is long, viral pneumonia (pneumonia) that develops due to COVID-19 usually begins unnoticed and many symptoms-signs may be confused with COPD complaints. Both diseases are seen with symptoms of phlegmatic cough, shortness of breath, and weakness. COPD patients carry the highest risk during the coronavirus outbreak due to their age, comorbidity history, and poor lungs. In the case of severe pneumonia, ie pneumonia, the severely damaged lung may not be able to clean the blood adequately and can not provide the necessary oxygen to the tissues. Coronavirus pneumonia, which cannot be noticed in time, can also seriously impair the lung function of the COPD patient. This will lead to a more serious course of the disease.
Precautions COPD patients should take against Covid 19
There is a no different precautionary method to protect COPD patients from the new type of coronavirus, Covid-19. However, it should not be forgotten that it is important for people with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease to pay much more attention to their own health and to avoid all diseases and activities that may harm their lungs. COPD patients should never stop using medicines, should not miss their doses, and should continue to use the medicines given by their doctor with care. Patients should not be worried and should not hesitate to use respiratory drugs that contain steroids, ie cortisone, and may weaken immunity. These drugs have very important roles in controlling the disease. COPD patients should carefully follow coronavirus precautions.
Patients whose stability is impaired, shortness of breath, and sputum cough should be consulted with the physician who follows them. Measures to be taken personally at the center to get medical help are also of great importance. Since the protection of pneumococcal (pneumonia vaccine) and flu vaccines are not faced to face, the most effective way to prevent the disease is to avoid the disease and to comply with pandemic measures.
What are the Covid-19 measures?
The most effective way to avoid getting the Kovit 19 virus is to avoid the disease as much as possible. For this, one should not go out unless obliged and avoid crowded places. In case of necessity, a protective mask should be worn and the mask should be replaced with a new one at regular intervals. Moist and long-lasting masks will both lose their properties and increase the risk of bacterial infection due to the moisture and heat that occurs. In addition, social distance should always be maintained, at least 1.5 meters distance should be left between people. Hands should be washed and cleaned for at least 20 seconds and by the surgical handwashing technique. If this is not possible, hand cleaning can be achieved with an alcohol-based disinfectant. Since excessive and incorrect use of disinfectants may cause thinning or irritation on the skin, you should prefer to use disinfectants that are suitable for your skin and for the hand. Never touch your mouth, nose, or eyes. Try to stay away from people who are coughing, sneezing, or showing any symptoms. Take care to cover your mouth and nose with the inside of your arm or a tissue when coughing or sneezing. If you feel unwell, stay at home and apply to the nearest health facility taking precautions if you show symptoms. Also, pay attention to a healthy diet. By eating a healthy diet, you can prevent your immunity from declining and avoid diseases. Smoking etc. People who use tobacco products must quit as soon as possible. The use of cigarettes, tobacco, or tobacco products increases the likelihood of developing the disease as it will affect the lungs negatively. After being caught, it has an important factor in increasing the seriousness of the situation.
Masks help prevent person-to-person transmission of viruses, but the use of masks alone is not enough to protect against Kovid-19. In addition to the use of masks, it is necessary to maintain physical distance with people, ensure hand hygiene, and pay attention to personal hygiene. It is important to comply with the recommendations of the Ministry of Health, the World Health Organization (WHO), governorships, and doctors to protect against Covid-19. Complaining, warning, and staying away from people who do not comply with the precautions are necessary for everyone’s health and protection from Kovid-19.
You, too, carefully follow the precautions for your own health and the happiness of your loved ones and avoid the disease as much as possible.
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