Common Trouble of Women: Vaginal Infections

By | 16 February 2021

Common Trouble of Women: Vaginal Infections Many factors, from long-term use of antibiotics to improper hygiene practices, disrupt the natural environment of the vagina and allow the formation of infections. However, it is very easy to protect and get rid of them.

The lactobacilli predominantly found in the natural environment of the vagina are benign hosts. These microorganisms, which are dominant in number, create an acidic environment to a certain extent and do not allow other disease-causing microorganisms to infect. However, when this natural environment of the vagina deteriorates due to reasons such as pregnancy, frequent vaginal douching, use of antibiotics, decrease in the general immune system, use of scented tampons, and vaginal spray, an opportunity is created for infections.

Common Trouble of Women Vaginal infections manifests themselves with complaints such as intense discharge, itching, bad odor, painful sexual intercourse, and burning while urinating. Treatment should be planned depending on the factor causing the infection. It is possible to understand the type of infection by looking at the complaints that occur. Fungal infections are usually manifested by itching, white-colored, milk cut, or cheese-like currents, while bacterial infections are mostly detected by yellow-green or grayish discharge, and especially after sexual intercourse or menstrual periods, increasing foul odor.

While evaluating the discharge character during the examination, the image of the vagina and cervix also provides information about the factor that reveals the infection. In cases where more than one factor is thought to be present or the type of the agent cannot be understood by examination, culture and microscopic examination of the samples taken are performed.

What is bacterial vaginosis?
The most common vaginal infection is defined as ‘bacterial vaginosis’. In this picture, which is caused by the proliferation of microorganisms that are not normally dominant but whose rates change for various reasons, symptoms such as a foul-smelling white or grayish discharge, an increase in the amount of bad odor after intercourse, and an increase in these complaints during menstrual periods. During the examination, bacterial vaginosis can be revealed by examining samples taken from vaginal discharge with liquids such as potassium hydroxide, and treatment is planned accordingly. In bacterial vaginosis, antibiotics whose active ingredient is metronidazole are used and treatments can last for a week.

Periodic treatment in resistant cases
Another common vaginal infection in women is candida-type fungi. 75 percent of women have a fungal infection once in their lifetime, 50 percent encounter this situation more than once. Anti-mycotic drugs are used in the treatment of fungal infections. In some patients, resistant microorganisms can develop, and in this case, it is necessary to determine the type of fungus and to direct the treatment accordingly. Periodic treatments should be applied in resistant cases and frequently recurring infections.

Don’t make this mistake
The most common mistake in the treatment of vaginal infections is to leave the treatment unfinished. Infections recur in those who discontinue the treatment before completing the recommended dose and duration after their complaints disappear. It may not be possible to benefit from the same drugs in the second treatment.

Parasites are also seen
Another common infection is parasites called ‘tracheomalacia. This parasite, which is also evaluated in the category of sexually transmitted diseases, is mostly yellow-green, foamy discharge, can cause small bleeding in the vaginal wall or cervix. The presence of an infectious parasite in the discharge sample of a patient who presented with complaints such as pain, strain, or burning during sexual intercourse can strengthen the diagnosis. The treatment is the use of appropriate antibiotics.

Do not leave it stuffy and damp
Although the vagina prevents fluids from entering, thanks to its natural structure, the chemicals used in the pools can disrupt the natural environment of the vagina. Also, wandering with a long-term wet swimsuit causes trouble. Common toilet use can also sometimes lead to infections. To preserve the natural environment, the vagina should not be stuffy and wet. It is important to use cotton underwear and change them frequently if daily pads are used.

One of the factors that disrupt the natural part of the vagina is to be with more than one partner, to have oral or rectal intercourse. These situations can increase the risk of infection. In bacterial and parasitic infections and sometimes recurrent infections, the spouse is also recommended to be treated. Since men do not have any complaints, they may refuse treatment, but the treatment of men makes the treatment permanent and shortens the duration.