Causes eye bleeding?
Eye bleeding is also known as reddening of the eyes, and most people are exposed to this condition once or several times in their lives. Eye bleeding may occur due to some habits brought about by the lifestyle. Many reasons such as disturbed sleep, focusing on a screen or a job for a long time, being exposed to high-pressure cause this situation. In addition to these, it is a known fact that diseases such as seasonal allergies, eye pressure, dry eyes, eye inflammations, sty, and eyelash inflammation also cause eye bleeding. As can be seen, many diseases can cause eye-bleeding or redness. Although it sometimes disappears spontaneously, in cases where it does not heal, the underlying cause of the blood supply should be investigated and treated. Otherwise, serious eye problems are likely to occur. Especially high fever, pain, itching, watering, and vision loss accompanying eye-bleeding may be caused by the severity of the underlying disease. In such cases, treatment should be performed as soon as possible.
What is eye bleeding?
The white part of the eye known as the sclera is covered with a thin, clear tissue called the conjunctiva. This tissue contains small and thin blood vessels. These small and thin blood vessels in the conjunctiva are very sensitive due to their structure and can easily break or burst. As the vessels are damaged for any reason, the blood leaks out and settles between the whites of the eyes and the conjunctiva. Depending on the size of the leak, a part of the eye may appear red, as the size of the bleeding increases, some parts of the eye may be partially red. As the severity of this condition increases, it may be possible to develop an outward swelling in some parts of the eye. Damage to a vessel is not necessarily the case in eye bleeding. Excessive blood accumulation in the capillaries and the expansion of the vessels due to this collection also cause eye bleeding. These capillaries, which are not normally visible, become visible with the condensation of blood and reveals a bloody appearance in the eye. Eye bleeding often does not cause any pain or vision changes and heals spontaneously. In some cases, it may cause itching or burning.
What are the symptoms of eye-bleeding?
The most obvious and common symptom of eye-bleeding is the vascular and bloody appearance in the white part of the eye. A bloody appearance may not occur externally only in very deep eye-bleeding types. Symptoms are parallel in all patients and usually, symptoms are as follows:
- Redness in the white part of the eye,
- Irritation and itching in the eyes,
- Eye feeling fuller,
- Eye pain,
- Bloody appearance in front of the iris, pupil, or both,
- Blurred vision or decreased vision,
- Sensitivity to light,
- Feeling of pressure in the eye and eye swelling.
Again, since these symptoms may occur due to some underlying diseases, there is a possibility of differentiation. Leukemia, hemophilia, sickle cell disease, side effects of blood-thinning drugs, etc. In such cases, different symptoms may occur. Therefore, the symptoms should be taken seriously and examined immediately.
What are the causes of eye-bleeding?
The answers to the question of what causes eye-bleeding are quite high. In fact, the cause of many bleeding is often unknown. Since the veins in the eyes are very sensitive and fragile, they are quite susceptible to injury. Eye bleeding may occur due to many conditions such as coughing, sneezing, vomiting, lifting heavy loads, blood pressure, wearing contact lenses, and allergic reactions. In fact, some studies have revealed that babies with asthma and pertussis have a higher risk of eye bleeding. Scratching or rubbing very hard eyes during itchy eyes can cause eye bleeding. Also, traumas, injuries, or eye injuries cause eye bleeding. Eye infections caused by herpes virus, abnormal blood vessels on the iris, blood clotting problems, complications after eye surgery, and eye cancers are among the other causes of eye bleeding. It is also known that blood-thinning drugs such as warfarin, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, heparin, aspirin, and ibuprofen can cause eye bleeding. Eye bleeding may also occur due to diabetes, retinal tear, aneurysm, fluid accumulation behind the eye, and some age-related diseases.
What are the types of eye-bleeding diseases?
There are several known types of eye bleeding. The most common of these are subconjunctival and hyphema hemorrhages. The most common bleeding type is subconjunctival hemorrhage. In general, it does not cause any harm and disappears spontaneously within a week. Redness in the white part of the eye is the most common symptom. Because the eye is irritated, this type of blood formation occurs and it manifests itself with the feeling of fullness in the eye. Hyphema is the blood on the iris and pupil. It usually occurs when there is an injury or tears in the iris or pupil. Although it is not a very common type, it can affect vision and is quite painful. If it is not treated, there is a possibility of permanent vision loss. Apart from the two types, there is vitreous hemorrhage in the eye fluid, subretinal hemorrhage under the retina, and submacular hemorrhage under the macula, which is a part of the retina. Since this bleeding occurs in the deeper layer of the eye, they are not visible when viewed from the outside.
How is the diagnosis of eye-bleeding?
Patients should be examined by an ophthalmologist for the diagnosis of eye bleeding. Often, a physical examination is sufficient for diagnosis. However, to understand why the disease occurred, questions about the patient’s medical history may be asked. First of all, an examination is made to make sure that there is no other injury to the eye and eye structure. Then, by measuring the eye pressure, it is determined whether the eyes are enlarged or not. Thus, it is ensured that there is no trauma or bleeding in the depths of the eye. In some cases, blood tests are among the diagnostic methods used to determine whether there is a potentially serious bleeding disorder. In cases considered to be serious, an ultrasound scan can be performed to view the back parts of the eye. A visual acuity test can be applied to measure eyesight. In patients of African descent, screening for sickle cell disease or thalassemia is among the diagnostic methods.
What are the treatment methods for eye bleeding?
The answer to the question of how eye-bleeding goes depends on the underlying cause of the disease. Most patients’ eye-bleeding improves spontaneously within a week. However, if there is an underlying cause other than this, treatment should be applied accordingly. For example, if eye-bleeding occurs due to high blood pressure, high blood pressure should be treated. The medications required for this are prescribed by the doctor. Apart from this, it is necessary to directly intervene in much more serious eye bleeding. Eye drops may be recommended for treatment purposes. Teardrops for dry eyes, steroid eye drops for swelling, pain relief eye drops for pain, antibiotic eye drops for bacterial infections, antiviral eye drops for viral infections may be prescribed to the patient. If serious injuries are detected in the blood vessels in the eye of the patient, laser surgery can be applied for its treatment. Eye surgery is often performed to drain excess blood. Lacrimal duct surgery is also among the treatment methods applied. To protect the eye after all treatments, patients should use an eye patch for a while. Because an external factor may cause the treatment not to work or may cause the disease to worsen. After treatment, it is important to comply with all the conditions specified by the doctor for the healing of eye bleeding.
If you also have persistent and recurrent eye bleeding, you should be examined as soon as possible. Because recurrent eye-bleeding may be a symptom of a serious underlying disease and reduce your quality of life. To prevent this, you should start your treatments without wasting time.