By | 24 March 2021

What Does Trace BioElements Mean?

99% of our body weight consists of these six Bioelements. From oxygen (65%), carbon (18%), hydrogen (10%), nitrogen (3%), calcium (1.5%) and phosphorus (1%). For our body to function healthily, it needs many elements other than these elements. Although these minerals (elements) are called trace elements due to their extremely low content in our body, they are extremely important for our body functions.

What Are the Trace BioElements?

Trace elements that make up 1% of body weight are: Potassium (0.35%), sulfur (0.25%), sodium (0.15%), magnesium (0.05%), fluorine, copper, iron, zinc, manganese, cobalt, selenium, iodine, chlorine, chromium, molybdenum, Lithium, strontium, aluminum, silicon, lead, vanadium, arsenic, bromine.

Although it is very important to get enough of these minerals in the diet, it is also extremely objectionable to consume them in an uncontrolled way. In high doses, toxic effects are inevitable.

Trace elements are involved in many important events in terms of the continuation of body functions. To put it briefly:

Iron: Iron, which is in the structure of hemoglobin in blood cells, is responsible for oxygen transport. Iron deficiency causes effects such as weakness, fatigue, decrease in resistance to diseases, increase in heart rate and respiratory rate, headache.

Manganese: It is found in high amounts in mitochondria responsible for cell energy production. It plays a role in the work of the brain-nervous system, thyroid functions, bone and cartilage development.

Magnesium: Required for the functionality of many important enzymes for the body, magnesium is also required for energy production and DNA synthesis in all cells. It is also important in the balance of calcium and potassium. In its deficiency, weakness, fatigue, muscle cramps, neurological complaints (migraine, distraction, sleep disorder), constipation, diarrhea, heart conduction problems, etc. may be.

Cobalt: It takes part in the vitamin B12 structure. Deficiency causes pernicious anemia (anemia) and related complaints.

Copper: Plays an important role in the formation of melanin pigment, nerve sheath, muscle vein, and tendon development. Lack of copper leads to weakness, taste disturbance, the delicacy of blood vessels and bones.

Zinc: It plays a role in the formation of DNA during the development stages in the mother’s womb. While a deficiency in the mother’s womb can lead to developmental disorders and hereditary diseases, it can lead to dwarfism in childhood. Apart from this, hair loss, sexual development disorders, and sugar regulation disorders can be seen.

Molybdenum: Responsible for intracellular energy transfer reactions, the functionality of intestinal enzymes, and the control of copper levels in the body. In its deficiency, weakness, weakness, fatigue, and dyspeptic complaints may be seen.

Chromium: Plays a role in sugar regulation as an insulin sensitizer.

Fluorine: It is important for dental and bone health.

Selenium: Selenium, an essential nutrient, is found in the structure of the glutathione peroxidase enzyme, while it is in trace amounts. This enzyme prevents the accumulation of hydrogen peroxide and organic peroxides in the cells and helps to protect the body against cancer formation, that is, it acts as an antioxidant. It also plays a role in the production of thyroid hormones. In its deficiency, there is an increase in thyroid diseases and cancer rates. When consumed heavily, sulfur can displace and cause fatal consequences.
Iodine: 80% is in the thyroid tissue. It takes part in the production of thyroid hormones. Since iodine deficiency is endemic in our country, refinery salts are sold with iodine.

Sulfur: It is important in energy production in mitochondria and plays a role in the transport of electrons, vitamin B1 (thiamine) and biotin cycle, energy production cycle, synthesis of the antioxidant glutathione, and insulin hormone production. Sulfur deficiency is common and causes diseases and complaints such as obesity, heart disease, and failure, Alzheimer’s disease, chronic fatigue, cancer development in humans.

Sodium, potassium, chlorine: These blood salts are responsible for electrical activity in the body. In its deficiency, cardiac conduction disorders may cause symptoms such as weakness, fatigue, exhaustion, nausea, vomiting, headache, dizziness, coma, etc.
Although elements such as lithium, strontium, aluminum, silicon, lead, vanadium, arsenic, bromine, and tin are found at extremely low rates, information on body functions is limited.

Is Trace BioElements Deficiency Very Common?

Although the deficiency of these elements in a healthy and balanced diet is not a common situation, in theory, some studies in recent years reveal that it is more common than thought.

Causes of Trace BioElements Deficiency:

The inefficiency of soils: Although developments such as artificial fertilizer use, excessive irrigation, greenhouse cultivation, pesticide, etc. cause an increase in product production processes and productivity, vegetation grown in mineral-poor soils and therefore a mineral deficiency in animal products is a problem for our age.

Soft drinking water consumption: It is poor in minerals in treated and filtered waters.

Alcohol: Mineral deficiencies are common due to unbalanced nutrition.

Some drugs used: Some drugs, hormones or some antibiotics used in blood pressure and heart diseases may cause deficiency by increasing the excretion of elements from the kidneys.

Some chronic diseases: Diseases that disrupt intestinal absorption such as celiac, inflammatory bowel diseases, surgical interventions, and diseases that disrupt nutrition, can develop trace element deficiency.


High levels of trace elements in the blood can have serious consequences. Therefore, if there are complaints and diseases suggesting deficiency, blood levels must be determined before treatment. It is also important to consume organic products as part of a healthy and balanced diet.