Big Small Danger: Moles

By | 17 February 2021

Some of us have less and some of us, but we all have it in our bodies. We are a part of our selves and we don’t even see them anymore… Yet we need to see them, look at them carefully, protect them carefully, and periodically examine them. Because even though the moles themselves are small, if not followed carefully, the damage can be large.

Congenital, later released, tiny ones, noticed at first sight … Well, how are these moles formed? The skin changes that are usually brown and formed by the proliferation of cells called melanocytes, which give the skin color, by making nests, are called ‘me’. Each person has an average of 15-20 moles. He states that people with more than 50 moles are in the risk group for melanoma, a type of skin cancer. People with light eyes, light skin, and skin that cannot be tanned by reddening in the sun are more at risk for melanoma. The most important factor in the development of melanoma is sunlight. Those who are exposed to high amounts of sunlight during the first 15 years of life are particularly at risk of developing melanoma. Also, it is known that radiation, trauma, hormones, some drugs, genetic predisposition, and deficiency in the immune system increase the risk of melanoma.

Pay attention to irregular structures
In about half of the melanoma cases, it is accepted that the complaints develop over a pre-existing ‘mole’, and therefore changes on the moles should be observed carefully. Assoc. Dr. Öztaş states that moles should be evaluated in terms of their appearance. Asymmetrical moles have marginal irregularities, can vary in color from light brown to black, and are generally larger than five mm in diameter are defined as atypical (which can be cancer precursor) moles and are included in the high-risk group for the development of melanoma.

Congenital moles, especially those larger than 1.5 cm, should also be followed. Other factors that accelerate the development of melanoma are spending most of the year in closed offices, exposure to excessive amounts of ultraviolet rays during short-term holidays, and sunburn. Like solariums, artificial ultraviolet rays can also cause melanoma.

It should be examined periodically
It is of great importance to be sensitive and observational about your moles and to consult a dermatologist immediately when you notice changes. A dermatologist can tell if the lesion is suspicious. Dermatoscopy, a method that has been increasingly used in recent years, can provide an early diagnosis of melanoma. Digital dermatoscopy is a modern, computer-aided method used for the follow-up of moles. In these methods, suspicious lesions are displayed and can be stored in a computer environment. Thus, if there is a change in the structure of the moles, this difference between the records can be detected.

Periodic examination of moles is extremely important in terms of early detection of melanoma and sometimes life-saving. Examination of your moles before the summer months, when sun exposure is more intense, will allow for intervention before any annoying events occur in the future.