Autism and Speech Therapies
Autism is a neurological-developmental disorder that can be congenital or acquired until the first 3 years of life. The scientific world has not yet been able to decide on what causes autism and which factors lead to this problem. Although the exact cause is unknown, it is known that there is a very strong genetic predisposition. According to the results of some studies, it is thought that the neural structures that affect some structures or functions of the brain may be effective in the emergence of it.
I guess the most important question for a parent is this. How can I tell if my child has autism?
Autism occurs in a wide range of symptoms and severity.
The most important of these are,
- If children with autism cannot make eye contact, or make eye contact at an extremely limited time, and they immediately look away,
- Does not respond with a smile to funny things or gestures you do,
- If he doesn’t turn around when you call out,
- If he turns around frequently,
- If he prefers to be on his own, does not show interest to other peers, does not play with them,
- Doesn’t show interest when you communicate with him and doesn’t pretend to be in front of you
Your child may have autism. For this, you need to consult a child psychiatrist immediately. Early diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation can significantly affect the future of a child with autism.
Autism and language speech therapies
Autistic children experience problems in many areas. Among these, social relations are having problems in their academic life. However, they live with the biggest problem and in the field of language and speech. These problems can involve almost all elements of the language. He may experience language and speech problems such as not developing speech at all, not having enough word count, word repetition (echolalia), letter disorder (articulation) disorder. In fact, problems such as hoarseness may occur in autistic children who frequently scream and shout.
Language and speech therapy process:
Speech and language therapy with children with autism is a long and challenging process. Therefore, a speech and language therapist must be experienced in working with children with autism. Success in language development can be achieved by establishing strong communication with family, child psychiatrist, and special education specialist.
What techniques does he use for language and speech development:
First of all, we use techniques that increase the attention of children with autism and increase their voice and speech skills. Techniques that increase sound production and laryngeal massage techniques are used. We use the PROMP Technique, which is used to remove each unremoved letter, support natural speech, picture cards, simple toys, and techniques that increase vocabulary acquisition.